ارائه مدلی برای بهبود توسعه کارآفرینی روستا: مطالعه موردی شهرستان شازند

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران ، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

ایجاد اشتغال و بهبود فرآیندهای زمینه‌ساز فضای کارآفرینی در مناطق روستایی یکی از ضروریات برنامه توسعه پایدار روستایی است. هدف تحقیق حاضر ارائه مدلی برای بهبود توسعه کارآفرینی روستا در شهرستان شازند استان مرکزی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش کارآفرینان روستایی این شهرستان به تعداد 900 نفر بودند که از آن میان، با بهره‌گیری از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای دومرحله‌ای، بر اساس جدول کرجسی- مورگان، 265 نفر به‌عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها، از پرسشنامه ساختارمند استفاده شد که روایی آن را اساتید دانشگاه و متخصصان کارآفرینی تأیید کردند و پایایی آن، با انجام آزمون ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای متغیرها و سازه‌های تحقیق، بین 71/0 تا 918/0 به‌دست آمد. همچنین، تحلیل روابط بین گویه‌ها و سازه‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزارهای آماری Spss22 و Smart PLS3 صورت گرفت و در ادامه، با بهره‌گیری از روش معادلات ساختاری، روابط عوامل آموزشی، اقتصادی و نهادی با توسعه کارآفرینی روستا بررسی شد. بر اساس نتایج تحقیق، معیار GOF مدل مورد نظر 389/0 به‌دست آمد که نشان‌دهنده برازش مناسب مدل بهبود توسعه کارآفرینی روستا بوده و بر اساس آن، بیشترین بار عاملی، به‌ترتیب، مربوط به عامل نهادی بر عامل اقتصادی و عامل آموزشی بر عامل نهادی است؛ به دیگر سخن، برای توسعه کارآفرینی روستایی، باید به مسیرهایی توجه کرد که به‌طور غیرمستقیم، بر توسعه کارآفرینی تأثیر می‌گذارند. همچنین، نتایج نشان داد که هر سه عامل آموزشی، اقتصادی و نهادی بر توسعه کارآفرینی مؤثرند، اما عاملی که بیشترین تأثیر مستقیم را بر توسعه کارآفرینی روستایی دارد، عامل اقتصادی است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Providing a Model for Improving Village Entrepreneurship Development: A Case Study of Shazand County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • T. Sharghi 1
  • F.S. Bagheri 2
  • M. Mohamadzadeh Nasrabadi 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc Sudent in Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Creating employment and improving entrepreneurial space processes in rural areas are one of the essentials of rural development program. This study aimed at providing a model for improving rural entrepreneurship development in Shazand County of Markazi province of Iran. The statistical population of the study included 900 rural entrepreneurs in the county. Random sampling method was used to select subjects for the study. According to the Krejcie-Morgan table, a sample of 265 rural entrepreneurs was selected for the survey. The required data were collected through a structured questionnaire, the validity of which was confirmed by university professors and entrepreneurship experts and its reliability was performed by pre-test. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the variables and research structures ranged from 0.71 to 0.918. The relationships between the items and structures were analyzed using SPSS22 and Smart PLS3 statistical software. Then, the relations between educational, economic and institutional factors and the rural entrepreneurship development were investigated in a structural equation method. The results showed that the GOF criterion was 0.389, indicating that the model for improvement of rural entrepreneurship development was suitable. According to the model, respectively, the institutional factor over the economic factor and the educational factor over the institutional factor had the highest factor loadings; in other words, for the development of rural entrepreneurship, the paths indirectly affecting the entrepreneurship development should be considered. The results also showed that all three educational, economic and institutional factors affected the entrepreneurship development, but the economic factor could be considered as one with the most direct impact on the rural entrepreneurship development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Structural equation modeling
  • Improvement of Entrepreneurship Development
  • Economic Factors
  • Educational factor
  • Institutional Factor
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