الگوی توسعه کارآفرینی روستایی مبتنی بر توانمندسازی شناختی و تبیین نقش محیط نهادی در آن: مطالعه موردی کسب‌و‏کارهای روستایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه کارآفرینی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه مدیریت دولتی، گروه مدیریت، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

3 استاد، گروه مدیریت صنعتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

4 استادیار، گروه کارآفرینی سازمانی، دانشکده کارآفرینی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر توانمندسازی روستاییان و توسعه کارآفرینی روستایی، در سطح تحلیل سیاست‏گذاران، مدیران و تصمیم‏سازان خط مشی‏های کارآفرینی روستایی، به‏صورت کیفی و به روش دلفی سیاسی انجام پذیرفت. جامعه آماری پژوهش 22 نفر از خبرگان و صاحب‏نظران این حوزه بودند، که به‏صورت نمونه‏گیری غیراحتمالی و با ترکیبی از روش هدفدار قضاوتی و نمونه‏گیری گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند. تحلیل اطلاعات طی دو مرحله با روش دلفی و تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی انجام گرفت و یافته‏های پژوهش نشان‏دهندة اهمیت سه عامل توانمندسازی عاطفی، رفتاری و شناختی و نیز مؤلفه‏های تبیین‏کنندة آنها بود. با توجه به نتایج به‏دست‏آمده، ابعاد توانمندسازی شناختی سه عامل فردی، گروهی و بنگاهی را دربرمی‏گیرد؛ این عوامل بر توانمندسازی عاطفی تأثیر می‏گذارند و به توانمندسازی رفتاری می‏انجامند که خود به‏مثابه نتایج رفتار کارآفرینی است. همچنین، ارتباط دوسویة این ابعاد با محیط نهادی شامل پنج بعد حمایت و پشتیبانی، طرح و برنامه روستایی، بهبود محیط کسب‏وکار روستایی، اهداف کارآفرینی روستایی و ارزش‏های کارآفرینی روستایی تبیین شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Rural Entrepreneurship Development Model Based on Cognitive Empowerment and Explaining the Role of Institutional Environment in It: A Case Study of Rural Businesses

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sh. Zandieh 1
  • A. Sarafizadeh Ghazvini 2
  • A. Alam Tabriz 3
  • K. Sakhdari 4
1 PhD Student, Department of Entrepreneurship, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Public Management, Faculty of Management, Central Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Professor of Industrial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at identifying the factors affecting the rural empowerment and rural entrepreneurship development at the level of policy makers, managers and decision makers in rural entrepreneurship policies. It was a qualitative research conducted in Delphi method. The statistical population consisted of 22 experts and professionals in this field who were selected by non-probability sampling with a combination of purposeful judgment method and snowball sampling. Data analysis was conducted in two stages using Delphi method and exploratory factor analysis. The study findings highlighted the importance of the three factors of emotional, behavioral and cognitive empowerments and their explaining components. The results indicated that the dimensions of cognitive empowerment included the individual, group and enterprise factors affecting the emotional empowerment and led to behavioral empowerment which in turn involved the results of entrepreneurial behavior. In addition, the two-way linkage of these dimensions with the institutional environment including five dimensions of support, rural planning, improved rural business environment, rural entrepreneurial goals and rural entrepreneurial values was explained by the study results.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rural Entrepreneurship Development
  • Rural Empowerment
  • Delphi method
  • Iranian Rural Businesses
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