تحلیل فضایی سرمایه‌های معیشتی کشاورزان: مطالعة موردی مناطق روستایی شهرستان شازند

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیا دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد گروه جغرافیا دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانش‌آموختة کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، با هدف سنجش سرمایه­های معیشتی کشاورزان روستایی، به روش اسنادی- تحلیلی و میدانی در شهرستان شازند استان مرکزی انجام شد. جامعة آماری تحقیق خانوارهای روستاهای شهرستان شازند بودند. حجم نمونه با روش نمونه­گیری کوکران 370 خانوار محاسبه شد که با استفاده از روش طبقه­بندی خوشه­ای، در بین روستاهای شهرستان توزیع شدند. داده­های میدانی با استفاده از پرسشنامه جمع­آوری شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که سرمایه­های معیشتی به لحاظ پایداری یکسان نیستند؛ سرمایه­ مالی و طبیعی با میانگین 59/2 و 84/2 ناپایدارترین و سرمایه فیزیکی با میانگین 52/3 پایدارترین بعد معیشت پایدار کشاورزان شهرستان شازند به‏شمار می­روند. همچنین، نقشه‌های میان‏یابی تولیدشده نشان داد که پراکنش فضایی دارایی‌های معیشتی از الگوی شرقی- غربی پیروی می‌کند، به‏گونه‏ای که روستاهای شرقی شهرستان از معیشت پایدارتری نسبت به روستاهای غربی برخوردارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Spatial Analysis of Livelihood Assets of Farmers: A Case Study of Rural Areas, Shazand County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Darban astane 1
  • Seyed Hassan MOTIEI LANGROUDI 2
  • Farzaneh GHASEMI 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Iran
2 Professor of Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Iran
3 MA Graduate in Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at measuring the livelihoods of rural farmers based on the field method in Shazand County of Markazi province  of Iran. It was conducted in a documentary, analytical and field method. The statistical population included households in villages of the County. The sample size was calculated 370 rural households by using Cochran formula and was distributed in a cluster classification method among the villages. Field data was collected through questionnaires. The study results showed that the livelihood assets were not equal in terms of sustainability; financial and natural assets with the averages of 2.59 and 2.84 were the most unsustainable and physical asset with an average of 3.52 was the most sustainable dimensions of the framers' livelihoods in the County. Also, the produced interpolation maps showed that the spatial distribution of sustainable livelihood assets followed the eastern-western pattern, so that the eastern villages had more sustainable livelihoods than the western ones.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Livelihood Assets
  • spatial analysis
  • farmers
  • villages
  • Shazand (County)

 

  1. Addinsall, C., Kevin, S.G., Pascal, S., Betty, W. and Doland, N.J. (2015). Agroecology and sustainable rural livelihoods: a conceptual framework to guide development projects in the Pacific Islands. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 39(6): 691-723.
  2. Agricultural Jihad in Shazand County (AJSC) (2016). Statistical report on agricultural performance in Shazand. AJSC pub. (Persian)
  3. Ahmed, N. )2009). The sustainable livelihoods approach to the development of fish farming in rural Bangladesh. Journal of International Farm Management, 4(4): 1-18.
  4. Akbari, N. and Yousefi, Y. (2015). Natural resources and watersheds of the country. Department of Natural Resources and Watershed Management of Markazi province.Tehran: Puneh Publications. ( Persian)
  5. Baghiani, H. (2014). Rural tourism pattern based on sustainable livelihood: study of mountain villages of Alborz province. Thesis for the PhD of Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran. (Persian)
  6. Chambers, R. and Conway, G. (1992). Sustainable rural livelihoods: practical concepts for the 21st century. (IDS Discussion Paper No. 296). Brighton: Institute of Development Studies (UK).
  7. DFID (1999). Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets. Department for International Development. London, UK.
  8. Ellis, F. (2000). Rural livelihoods and diversity in developing countries. Oxford University Press. UK.
  9. Fang, S. and Hai Yang, Sh. (2012). Relationship analysis between livelihood assets and livelihood strategies: a Heihe River basin example. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 4(3): 0265-0274.
  10.  Kassa, K. and Eshetu, Z. (2014). Situation analysis of rural livelihoods and socioeconomic dynamics for sustainable rural development: the case of Legehida Woreda district. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management, 3(3): 201-208.
  11.  Khosrozadyan, M., Ghanian, M. and Abdeshahi, A. (2016). Prioritization of agricultural exploitation systems for Behbahan County based on the model of sustainable livelihoods. Cooperatives and Agriculture, 5(19): 143-166. (Persian)
  12.  Morse, S. and McNamara, N. )2013(. Sustainable livelihood approach: a critique of theory and practice. Springer Science, Business Media, Dordrecht, Netherlands.
  13.  Morse, S., McNamara, N. and Acholo, M. (2009). Sustainable livelihood approach: a critical analysis of theory and practice. The University of Reading, Geographical Paper,189: 3-15.
  14.  Petersen, E.L. and Michelle, L.P. (2010). The sustainable livelihoods approach from a psychological perspective. Institute of Biology, University of Aarhus.
  15.  Sadeghzadeh, M., Allahyari, M., Ansari, M. and Rezaeinejad, N. (2015). Analysis of paddy farms sustainability in Rasht County using sustainable livelihood approach. Journal of Agricultural Economics Researches, 6(4): 55-70. (Persian)
  16.  Sarrafi, M. and Shamsaee, M. (2012). Strategic sustainable livelihood framework for survival and promotion of households in informal settlements: a case study of Islamabad neighborhood in Tehran. Journal of Soffeh, 65(24): 79-94. (Persian)
  17.  Shahrakie, M and Sharifzadeh, M. (2015). Investigating the role of fish farming in sustainable rural livelihood of Zahedan County farmers. Journal of Rural Research, 6(1): 97-116. (Persian)
  18.  Statistical Center of Iran (201). Annual statistics of Markazi province. Arak: Statistical Center of Iran. (Persian)
  19.  Timalsina, K.P. (2007). Rural urban migration and livelihood in the informal sector, a study of Street Vendor of Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal. Masters of Philosophy Thesis in Development Studies. Department of Geography. NTNU University of Trondheim, Norway.
  20.  Wang, C., Yaoqi, Z., Yusheng, Y., Qichun, Y., John, K., Yecheng, X. and Linglin, X. (2016). Assessment of sustainable livelihoods of different farmers in hilly redsoil erosion areas of southern China. Ecological Indicators, 64: 123-131.
  21.  Wei, B., Guiwu, S., Wenhua, Q. and Lei, S. (2016). The livelihood vulnerability of rural households in earthquake-stricken areas, a case study of Ning’er, Yunnan province. Sustainability, 8(566): 1-16.