تحلیلی بر عملکرد خانه‌های دوم در توسعة پایدار روستاهای کوهستانی: مطالعة موردی بخش چهاردانگه، شهرستان ساری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‏ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

2 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‏ریزی روستایی دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

3 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنام‏ ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

چکیده

هدف کلی پژوهش حاضر تحلیلی بر عملکرد خانه‌های دوم در توسعه پایدار روستاهای کوهستانی در بخش چهاردانگه شهرستان ساری بود. دو پرسشنامه (جامعه میزبان و جامعه مهمان) برای انجام تحقیق طراحی شد و به منظور تحلیل داده‌ها در محیط نرم‌افزاری SPSS از آزمون‌های آماری فراوانی، فای (کرامر V)،  فریدمن، کای‏اسکوئر ‌‌و ویلکاکسون استفاده شد. نتایج مطالعات نشان داد که پیامد‌های منفی اقتصادی، اجتماعی و زیست‌محیطی ناشی از گسترش خانه‌های دوم در منطقه مورد مطالعه بیش از آثار مثبت آنهاست و آزمون‌ها در سطح 99 درصد معنی‏دار است؛ همچنین، از دیدگاه ساکنان، خانه‌های دوم بر شاخص‌های اقتصادی (افزایش درآمد، ایجاد اشتغال، و تنوع شغلی)، اجتماعی و فرهنگی (افزایش سطح آگاهی، امنیت و تراکم جمعیت) و زیست‏محیطی (دفع زباله، آلودگی محیطی، و تغییر کاربری اراضی) اثر‌گذار است. به منظور کاهش پیامدهای منفی گسترش خانه‌های دوم، باید مطالعات جامع در خصوص تعیین ظرفیت تحمل حوزه‌های گردشگری در روستاها تهیه شود و نظارت اجرایی بر ساخت‌و‌سازها در محدوده بافت مسکونی روستاها به منظور رسیدن به توسعة پایدار روستایی صورت گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Performance Analysis of Second Homes in Sustainable Development in Mountainous Villages: A Case Study of Chahardangeh District of Sari County, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narges MOTAVALLI TAHER 1
  • Bahman Sahneh 2
  • Ali Akbar NAJAFI KANI 3
1 M.A. in Geography and Rural Planning, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran
2 Corresponding Author, Assistant Professor in Geography and Rural Planning, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran
3 Associate Professor in Geography and Rural Planning, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at analyzing the performance of second homes in sustainable development of mountain areas. Two questionnaires were designed (host community and visitor community). SPSS and GIS software were used in data analysis. Research hypotheses with using Chi-Square, Friedman, Cramer`s V, frequency, Wilcoxon, McNamara tests showed dissatisfaction of the rural people with the second home tourists. Three hypotheses were tested at a significant level of 99 percent. From the residents’ viewpoints, the positive and negative roles of second homes included economic indicators (increased revenue, job creation and job diversity), social and cultural indicators (increased awareness, security and population density) and environmental indicators (waste disposal, environmental pollution and land use changes) that had been affected.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Second Homes
  • Rural Sustainable Development
  • Rural tourism
  • Chahardangeh (District)
  • Sari (County)
  • Iran

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