نقش محصولات فرعی جنگلی و مرتعی در معیشت روستاییان: مطالعة موردی بخش زرین‌آباد شهرستان دهلران، استان ایلام

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‏آموختة کارشناسی ارشد جنگل‏داری، دانشکدة منابع طبیعی و کویرشناسی، دانشگاه یزد

2 استادیار دانشکدة منابع طبیعی و کویرشناسی، دانشگاه یزد

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر، با هدف بررسی نقش محصولات فرعی جنگل و مرتع در معیشت روستاییان بخش زرین­آباد شهرستان دهلران، با استفاده از پرسشنامه به روش پیمایشی انجام شد. گردآوری داده‏ها به شیوه نمونه­گیری طبقه‏بندی‏شده با تخصیص متناسب صورت گرفت. برای تحلیل داده­ها، از آماره­های توصیفی (میانگین رتبه­ای، توزیع فراوانی، درصد تجمعی، و توزیع درصد) و استنباطی (آزمون دو­جمله­ای و آزمون همبستگی اسپیرمن) استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که بین روستاهای مورد مطالعه از نظر نقش محصولات فرعی جنگل و مرتع تفاوتی وجود ندارد؛ و 32/12 درصد از میانگین درآمد سالانه هر خانوار روستایی را درآمد حاصل از برداشت محصولات فرعی جنگل و مرتع تشکیل می­دهد که از این میزان، سهم محصولات فرعی جنگلی 54/8 درصد و سهم محصولات فرعی مرتعی 78/3 درصد است؛ همچنین، از نگاه روستاییان، بین بهره­برداری از محصولات فرعی جنگلی و مرتعی و ایجاد اشتغال، کسب درآمد، کاهش فقر و جلوگیری از مهاجرت رابطه مثبت و معنی­دار وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Forests and Rangelands Sub-products on Rural Livelihoods: A Case Study ofZarrinabadDistrict ofDehloran County, IlamProvince of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam MALEKMIRZAEI 1
  • Ali Akbar KARIMIAN 2
  • Mohammad Hossein HAKIMI 2
1 Graduate Student in Forestry, University ofYazd, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at investigating the role of secondary products of forests and pastures in the livelihood of the people in Zarinabad district,DehloranCounty, Ilam province of Iran. Data collection was carried out through survey in a stratified sampling method with proportional allocation. For data analysis, descriptive statistics (including average rating, frequency distribution, and the cumulative percentage distribution percentage) and analytical statistics (including binomial test and Spearman correlation test) were used.The results showed that there was no significant difference between the studied villages in terms of the role of forest and rangelands sub-products. In every family in the village, 12.32% of the income was produced from utilization of the sub-products of forest and rangelands. The proportion of sub-forest products was 8.54% and the proportion of sub-rangelands products was 3.78%. Therefore, there was a significant and positive relationship between the exploitation of sub-products and employment, obtaining income, poverty reduction and immigration control.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Forest and Rangeland Sub-product
  • Livelihood
  • Utilization
  • Zarrinabad (District)
  • Dehloran (County)
  • Ilam (Province)
  • Iran
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