تأثیر فناوری‌های اطلاعات و ارتباطات بر تغییر سبک زندگی زنان روستایی: مطالعة موردی روستای قرن‏آباد شهرستان گرگان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشجوی دکتری علم اطلاعات و دانش‏شناسی، گرایش مدیریت دانش، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران شمال

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر فناوری­های اطلاعات و ارتباطات (آی سی تی) بر سبک زندگی زنان روستای قرن­آباد از توابع شهرستان گرگان در استان گلستان بود. جامعه آماری تحقیق، به‏صورت تمام‏شماری، کلیة زنان کاربر اینترنت در این روستا (160 نفر) را دربرمی‏گرفت. تحلیل داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون t تک‏نمونه­ای و آزمون رتبه­بندی فریدمن انجام پذیرفت. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که فناوری­های اطلاعات و ارتباطات ایجادشده (تلفن همراه و اینترنت) در روستای قرن­آباد تأثیری معنی­دار بر تغییر سبک زندگی زنان روستا دارد و از بین مؤلفه­های مورد نظر برای سبک زندگی، بیشترین تأثیرپذیری به الگوی بهداشتی (رعایت بهداشت فردی، بهداشت مواد غذایی، و کنترل سلامت) و کمترین تأثیرپذیری به الگوی سکونت (تمایل به مهاجرت) بازمی‏گردد. همچنین، نتایج تحقیق حاکی از آن بود که استفاده از اینترنت و شبکه­های اجتماعی تأثیری بر الگوی رفتارهای مذهبی، معاشرت، سکونت و مدیریت منزل نداشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Impact of Information and Communication Technologies on Changes in Lifestyle of Rural Women: A Case Study of Qarnabad Village, Gorgan County of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Monireh ROUHI
PhD Student in Knowledge and Information Science, Knowledge Management, Islamic Azad University, Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at investigating the impact of information and communication technology (ICT) on changes in lifestyle of rural women in Qarnabad village in Golestan province (as the first internet village of Iran).The study was conducted in a descriptive-analytic method and the required information was gathered through a researcher-designed questionnaire, containing 38 questions with five choices in Likert scale, as well as library and internet searches.The study findings showed that the use of ICT affected rural women's lifestyle in various components including body management pattern, home economics, nutrition, health, cultural consumption, purchasing, employment, and marriage, resulting in considerable changes; however, it did not show any significant impacts on the patterns of religious practice, personal communications, and residence (migration to cities). There was also found a significant relationship between the use of ICT and the changes in the lifestyle in terms of age, education and marital status. The rural ICT had its most impacts on health patterns and its least impacts on residence pattern (migration to cities). Equipping the Iranian villages with technologies necessary for the rural women's training, awareness, promotion of scientific base, and participation in information society was among the primary recommendations presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
  • Rural ICT
  • Rural Women
  • Lifestyle. Qarnabad (Village)
  • Gorgan (County)
  • Iran
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