سنجش پایداری زیست‏محیطی در نواحی روستایی: مطالعة موردی دهستان سراوان شهرستان رشت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه جغرافیا، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه گیلان

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر ارزیابی شاخص‏های پایداری زیست‏محیطی در نواحی روستایی دهستان سراوان در شهرستان رشت بود و بدین منظور، برای تبیین اهداف مطالعه، از تحلیل عاملی استفاده شد. جامعه­ آماری تحقیق کل خانوارهای روستایی این دهستان را دربرمی‏گرفت. حجم نمونه با استفاده از جدول مورگان 351 تعیین شد که جهت نتیجه­گیری بهتر، به 370 افزایش یافت. نتایج تحلیل عاملی تأییدی نشان داد که عوامل پنج‏گانة «اجرای طرح­های زیست‏محیطی در روستا»، «مشارکت و همکاری تمامی اهالی روستا و نهادهای محلی و سازمان‏های دولتی حامی محیط زیست»، «وجود اعتقادات و باورهای زیست‏محیطی»، «ارائه آموزش­های لازم در زمینه پیامدهای اقدامات مخرب علیه محیط زیست»، و «وجود تجارب قبلی و دانش بومی زیست­محیطی در روستا» در سنجش پایداری زیست­محیطی مؤثر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Measurement of Environmental Sustainability in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Saravan Sub-district, Rasht County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid YASOURI 1
  • Seyyedeh Fatemeh EMAMI 2
1 Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
2 PhD Student in Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Geography, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at measuring the indicators of environmental   sustainability in sub-district of Saravan of Rasht county of Iran. It was conducted in a survey method through a structural equation modeling, by using Lisrel software to provide a model of poverty. Some 351 households living in the studied rural areas were determined by using Morgan table, which was increased to 370 to get more accurate results. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that the five factors including implementation of environmental projects in the village, participation and cooperation of all residents of the village as well as the environment-support local institutions and governmental organizations, the environmental beliefs, the necessary training on the consequences of destructive acts against the environment, and previous experience and knowledge of local environment in the village were effective in measuring environmental sustainability. In fact, the designed models for measuring environmental sustainability were confirmed according to the achieved data in this study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainability
  • Measurement
  • Environment
  • participation
  • Saravan (Sub-district)
  • Rasht (County)
  • Iran
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