سنجش و ارزیابی مؤلفه‌های کیفیت زندگی در مناطق روستایی: مطالعة موردی بخش کربال، شهرستان شیراز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‏ آموختة دکتری علوم و مهندسی آبخیز، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانش ‏آموختة دکتری علوم و مهندسی آبخیز، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر، با روش توصیفی- پیمایشی و مبتنی بر تکمیل پرسشنامه، با هدف شناخت و سنجش کیفیت زندگی روستاییان ساکن در بخش کربال شهرستان شیراز انجام شد. حجم نمونه مورد بررسی با استفاده از رابطة کوکران 331 نفر برآورد شد. اعضای نمونه به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی و متناسب با جمعیت روستاهای مورد بررسی انتخاب شدند. نتایج مطالعات میدانی و تکمیل پرسشنامه با استفاده از نرم­افزارهای Excell و SPSS مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.برای مقایسه نتایج حاصل از هشت قلمرو مورد بررسی در زمینه کیفیت زندگی، از آزمون همبستگی پیرسون و برای مقایسة پاسخ­های داده‏شده به گویه­های هر قلمرو، از آزمون معنی‏داری کی‏دو استفاده شد.یافته­های مطالعه میدانی و نرم­افزار­های آماری نشان داد که بالاترین میزان رضایت از کیفیت زندگی در قلمرو­ کیفیت تعامل و همبستگی اجتماعی با میانگین 87/3 و کیفیت امنیت با میانگین 64/3 و کمترین میزان آن نیز در قلمروهای اشتغال و درآمد و گذران اوقات فراغت وجود دارد و در مجموع، شاخص­های ذهنی کیفیت زندگی در این منطقه بالاتر از میانگین ارزیابی می­شود. همچنین، نتایج ضریب همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که افزایش رضایت از یک بعد کیفیت زندگی همسو با افزایش رضایت‏مندی از ابعاد دیگر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Components of Quality of Life in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Korbal District, Shiraz County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jamileh SALIMI KOUCHI 1
  • Payam EBRAHIMI 2
1 PhD Graduate in Science and Engineering of Watershed Management, University of Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Graduate in Science and Engineering of Watershed Management, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study used a descriptive and analytical approach in a survey method to recognize and measure the level of quality of life of rural residents in Korbal district, Shiraz County of Iran. The sample size (331 members) was determined by using Cochran formula and these members were selected in a random sampling method. The results of analyzing the field studies by using statistical tests showed the highest satisfaction in quality of interaction and social cohesion domain with an average of 3.87 and security domain with an average of 3.64. However, in general, subjective indicators of quality of life in the area were above the average. The results of the Pearson correlation coefficient showed that an increase in satisfaction of one dimension of the quality of life was along with the satisfaction of other dimensions. Chi-square test was used for significant differences between the answers given to the statements of each domain.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Interaction and Social Cohesion
  • Satisfaction
  • Subjective and Objective Indicators
  • Rural Areas
  • Korbal (District)
  • Shiraz (County)
  • Iran
Ahmadi; A. and Mahdavi, M. (2015). Relationship between quality of life and sense of place in developing rurals: case study, Zarandiyeh Township. Journal of Rural Research, 5(4): 827-848. (Persian)
Badri, A., Razavi, M.R. and Gharanjik, M. (2013). The quality of life measurement in rural areas based on subjective indicators, case study: Sothern Jafarby subdistrict, Torkman County. Journal of Geography and Environmental Planning, 24(2): 53-74. (Persian)
Brown, J., Bowling, A. and Flynn, T. (2004). Models of quality of life: a taxonomy, overview and systematic review of the literature. United Kingdom: European Forum on Population Ageing Research.
Bruggemann, B., Garlipp, P., Haltenhof, P. and Peter Seidler, K. (2007). Quality of life and social support as outcome characteristics of a Psychiatric Day Hospital. Journal of Psychiatry, 10: 58-68.
 Dehdari, T. (2003). The effect of education on quality of life in patients with open heart surgery. Master Thesis of Public Health, Tarbiat Modares University. (Persian)
 Ghaffari, G.R. and Omidi, R. (2009). The quality of life in Iran's development programs. Quarterly Journal of Social Welfare, 8(30): 9-33. (Persian)
 Ghaffari, G.R. and Omidi, R. (2010). The quality of life, social development indicator. Tehran: Shiraze Publication. (Persian)
 Ghalibaf, M.B., Ramezanzadeh, M. and Yari Shegefti, E. (2010). An assessment of Iranian rural residents satisfaction of the quality of life and its effects on the security of border areas: a case study of Nosoud district. Journal of Village and Development, 3(12): 163-184. (Persian)
 Ghanbari, Y., Rahimi, H. and Ahmadian, M. (2014). The evaluation of quality of life index in rural areas (case study: Miandeh subdistrict of Fasa County). Journal of Rural Research and Planning, 2(3): 73-97. (Persian)
 Hayati, D., Ezzatollah, K. and Slee, B. (2006). Combining qualitative and quantitative methods in the measurement of rural poverty: the case of Iran. Journal of Social Indicators Research, 75: 361-394.
 Heidari, A. (2012). Studying the indexes of quality of life in rural settlements. Journal of Housing and Rural Environment, 30(136): 51-66. (Persian)
 Khorasani, M.A. (2013). Explaining the resilience of urban villages with quality of life approach (case study: Varamin County). PhD Thesis, Geography Faculty, University of Tehran. (Persian)
 Mokhtari, M. and Nazari, J. (2011). Sociology of quality of life. Tehran: Sociologist's Publications. (Persian)
 Pourtaheri, M., Zal, A. and Rokneddin Eftekhari, A. (2011). An evaluation and prioritization of social sustainability in rural areas: a case study of villages in Khorrambid County of Fars province. Journal of Rural Research, 14(3): 19-49. (Persian)
 Sanaei Moghaddam, S., Soltani, M. and Ahmadi, A. (2016). Analysis of indicators of quality of life in rural areas in the economic, social, and environmental aspects (case study: Poshte Zilai in Charam city). 2nd National Conference on Conservation of Natural Resources and Environment, Ardabil, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. (Persian)
 Shahrokhi Sardou, S. and Nooripoor, M. (2015). Assessment of factors affecting quality of life in centers of rural districts, Jiroft County. Journal of Space Economy & Rural Development, 4(12): 19-40. (Persian)
 Zare Chahoki, M.A. (2015). Data analysis in natural resources research with SPSS software. Tehran: University of Tehran Press. (Persian)