سنجش و ارزیابی مؤلفه‌های کیفیت زندگی در مناطق روستایی: مطالعة موردی بخش کربال، شهرستان شیراز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‏ آموختة دکتری علوم و مهندسی آبخیز، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانش ‏آموختة دکتری علوم و مهندسی آبخیز، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر، با روش توصیفی- پیمایشی و مبتنی بر تکمیل پرسشنامه، با هدف شناخت و سنجش کیفیت زندگی روستاییان ساکن در بخش کربال شهرستان شیراز انجام شد. حجم نمونه مورد بررسی با استفاده از رابطة کوکران 331 نفر برآورد شد. اعضای نمونه به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی و متناسب با جمعیت روستاهای مورد بررسی انتخاب شدند. نتایج مطالعات میدانی و تکمیل پرسشنامه با استفاده از نرم­افزارهای Excell و SPSS مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.برای مقایسه نتایج حاصل از هشت قلمرو مورد بررسی در زمینه کیفیت زندگی، از آزمون همبستگی پیرسون و برای مقایسة پاسخ­های داده‏شده به گویه­های هر قلمرو، از آزمون معنی‏داری کی‏دو استفاده شد.یافته­های مطالعه میدانی و نرم­افزار­های آماری نشان داد که بالاترین میزان رضایت از کیفیت زندگی در قلمرو­ کیفیت تعامل و همبستگی اجتماعی با میانگین 87/3 و کیفیت امنیت با میانگین 64/3 و کمترین میزان آن نیز در قلمروهای اشتغال و درآمد و گذران اوقات فراغت وجود دارد و در مجموع، شاخص­های ذهنی کیفیت زندگی در این منطقه بالاتر از میانگین ارزیابی می­شود. همچنین، نتایج ضریب همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که افزایش رضایت از یک بعد کیفیت زندگی همسو با افزایش رضایت‏مندی از ابعاد دیگر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Components of Quality of Life in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Korbal District, Shiraz County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jamileh SALIMI KOUCHI 1
  • Payam EBRAHIMI 2
1 PhD Graduate in Science and Engineering of Watershed Management, University of Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Graduate in Science and Engineering of Watershed Management, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study used a descriptive and analytical approach in a survey method to recognize and measure the level of quality of life of rural residents in Korbal district, Shiraz County of Iran. The sample size (331 members) was determined by using Cochran formula and these members were selected in a random sampling method. The results of analyzing the field studies by using statistical tests showed the highest satisfaction in quality of interaction and social cohesion domain with an average of 3.87 and security domain with an average of 3.64. However, in general, subjective indicators of quality of life in the area were above the average. The results of the Pearson correlation coefficient showed that an increase in satisfaction of one dimension of the quality of life was along with the satisfaction of other dimensions. Chi-square test was used for significant differences between the answers given to the statements of each domain.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Interaction and Social Cohesion
  • Satisfaction
  • Subjective and Objective Indicators
  • Rural Areas
  • Korbal (District)
  • Shiraz (County)
  • Iran
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