عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Over the years different scientific disciplines have studied rural society. But no questions have been raised around the interactions among them and their domains of activity and inquiry. One issue raised very recently is the discussion about multidisciplinary studies which describes the relationship among disciplines such as geography, history, sociology, agriculture and natural resources. This paper reviews comparatively the activity domains, interaction types and interdependencies of different disciplines in rural studies. The main argument of this paper is that emerging interdisciplinary studies is a criticism of excessive specialization. The aim of these studies is not to discredit methodological independence and weaken the nature of independent disciplines, rather they attempt to find a composite index among interrelated and multiple desciplines. Rural development is the agreed upon interdisciplinary and composite index in this paper. It can be studied and analysed not in the area of methodology and domain but in inclusiveness of these disciplines , objectives. Rural development gathers different sciences together in a specific system which due to a common objective affects their approaches and methodologies.