واکاوی هویت اجتماعی جوانان روستایی با تاکید بر هویت مجازی: مطالعه موردی دهستان سررود جنوبی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیای انسانی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکترای جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، دانشگاه شهید چمران، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هویت هر شخص به آن فرد ویژگی‌ای می‌بخشد که او را از سایر افراد متمایز می‌سازد. افزایش استفاده از اینترنت و شبکه‌های اجتماعی بین جوانان سبب شکل‌گیری محیطی جدید با عنوان «دنیای مجازی» و به دنبال آن، «هویت مجازی» شده است. در پژوهش حاضر، با هدف واکاوی هویت جوانان و با بهره‌گیری از روش‌های توصیفی- تحلیلی و پیمایشی، تفاوت بین هویت افراد در دو دنیای واقعی و مجازی در دهستان سررود جنوبی شهرستان بویراحمد بررسی شد. گردآوری داده‏های مورد نیاز از طریق روش­های میدانی (پرسشنامه) و اسنادی صورت گرفت. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل جوانان ساکن دهستان سررود جنوبی بود که از آن میان، 376 نفر در بیست سکونتگاه روستایی به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای و هدفمند انتخاب شدند و مورد آزمون قرار گرفتند. ابعاد مورد بررسی در تحقیق حاضر نیز شامل هویت مذهبی، هویت خانوادگی، هویت مدرن (امروزی) و هویت قومی بود. نتایج نشان داد که بین هویت واقعی و هویت مجازی جوانان با خوداختلافی 68/0 تفاوت وجود دارد؛ همچنین، بیشترین و کمترین خوداختلافی با میانگین 85/1 و 24/0-، به‌ترتیب، به هویت خانوادگی و هویت امروزی برمی‌گردد؛ به دیگر سخن، میانگین هویت خانوادگی در دنیای واقعی بیش از دنیای مجازی و میانگین هویت امروزی در دنیای واقعی کمتر از دنیای مجازی است. همچنین، نتیجه تحلیل آزمون پیرسون نشان داد که بین همه ابعاد هویت در دو دنیای واقعی و مجازی روابط معنی‏‌دار وجود دارد؛ این همبستگی در ابعاد هویت مذهبی و خانوادگی منفی و در ابعاد هویت امروزی و هویت قومی مثبت است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the Social Identity of Rural Youth with Emphasis on Virtual Identity: A Ccase Study of Southern Sarroud Sub-district of Boyer-Ahmad County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Khorasani 1
  • E. Moshfeghnejadi 2
  • A. Hekmati Asl 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Human Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 PHD Student of Geography and Rural Planning, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 MA Graduate in Geography and Urban Planning, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The identity of a person gives that person some attributes making him/her distinguishable among other people. This study aimed at analyzing the youth’s identities and studying the differences between their identities in real and virtual worlds in Southern Sarroud sub-district of Boyer-Ahmad County in Iran. The required data were collected through field methods (questionnaire) and document methods. The statistical society of the research included the youth living in this sub-district. Based on the Cochran formula, 376 people in 20 rural settlements were selected using purposive and multi-stage cluster sampling and then, they were tested. The studied dimensions in this research included religious, family, modern and ethnic identities. The results showed that there was a self-disagreement of  between the real and virtual identities of the youth while the maximum and minimum self-disagreements were related to the family identity and modern identity with average rates of 1.85 and -0.24, respectively; that is, the average family identity in the real world is more than that in the virtual world and the average modern identity in the real world is less than that in the virtual world. Also, the results of the Pearson test indicated that there were significant relationships between all the dimensions of the identity in the real and virtual worlds while in the dimensions of religious and family identities, the correlation was negative and in the dimensions of modern and ethnic identities, the correlation was positive.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Virtual World
  • Real World
  • rural youth
  • Virtual Identity
  • Real Identity
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