راهکارهای توسعه مناطق روستایی در شهرستان نهاوند با تأکید بر متنوع‌سازی اقتصاد

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران .

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر، از نظر روش، دارای ترکیبی از روش‌های اسنادی و پیمایشی و از نظر ماهیت، مبتنی بر روش‌های جدید علم آینده‌پژوهی، تحلیلی و اکتشافی بود و با ترکیبی از مدل‌های کمی و کیفی انجام شد. در تحقیق حاضر، ابتدا اطلاعات مورد نیاز به روش کتابخانه‌ای و مصاحبه با هفده نفر از صاحب‌نظران و کارشناسان همه ارگان‌ها و سازمان‌های مرتبط با امور روستایی و همچنین، پنج نفر از دهیاران و اعضای شوراهای روستایی شهرستان نهاوند به‌عنوان افراد کلیدی در قالب یک پانل دلفی گردآوری شد و شناسایی مؤلفه‌هایی که در آینده، می‌توانند بر متنوع‌سازی اقتصاد جوامع روستایی بسیار تأثیرگذار باشند، صورت گرفت. سپس، پرسشنامه‌ای متشکل از این مؤلفه‌ها در قالب یک ماتریس متقاطع در اختیار پانل کارشناسان گذاشته شد. وزن‌دهی این پرسشنامه به‌صورت مقایسه‌ای زوجی و میزان ارتباط متغیرها با یکدیگر با اعداد بین صفر تا سه سنجیده شد. پس از تکمیل پرسشنامه توسط جامعه آماری، با استفاده از نرم‌افزار میک‌مک، تحلیل یافته‌ها انجام پذیرفت. نتایج نشان داد که مؤلفه‌های استفاده از ظرفیت تولید هر روستا، ایجاد واحدهای صنعتی در اطراف محیط‌های روستایی، تقویت زیرساخت‌های ارتباطی، حمایت‌های اجتماعی از قبیل بیمه و نیز ایجاد بنگاه‌های زودبازده، با بیشترین اثرات مستقیم و غیرمستقیم بر سایر مؤلفه‌ها، از مهم‌ترین راهکارها در راستای متنوع‌سازی اقتصاد جوامع روستایی نهاوند به‌شمار می‌روند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Solutions for Development of Rural Areas with Emphasis on Diversifying the Economy in Nahavand County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • F. Sepahvand 1
  • K. Nadery Mahdiei 2
1 PhD Student in Agricultural Development, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The present study, in terms of method, had a combination of documentary and survey methods and in terms of nature, was based on new methods of futurology, research, analysis and exploration and it was conducted with a combination of quantitative and qualitative models. Firstly, the required data were collected through both desk study and interviews with seventeen experts of all organizations related to rural affairs as well as five village administrators and rural council members of Nahavand County of Iran as key individuals within a Delphi panel; and the components that could have a significant impact on the diversification of rural economy in the future, were identified. Then, a questionnaire consisting of these components in the form of a cross-matrix was provided to the panel of experts. The weighting of this questionnaire was measured by pairwise comparisons and the relationship between variables and numbers between zero and three. After completing the questionnaire by the statistical population, the findings were analyzed using MICMAC software. The results showed that the components of using the production capacity of each village, creating industrial units around rural areas, strengthening transportation and communication infrastructures, social support such as insurance and also creating high-yield enterprises, with the most direct and indirect effects on other components, were the most important solutions for diversifying the economy in the rural communities of the studied county.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic Diversity
  • Futurology
  • Rural development
  • Nahavand (County)
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