تحلیل ملاحظات اخلاقی در فعالیت‌های کشاورزی شهرستان سنقر با بهره‌گیری از منطق فازی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته دکتری ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران.

3 استاد ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، عضو فرهنگستان علوم، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

بحران‌های زیست‌محیطی، تخریب منابع طبیعی و کاهش سرمایه‌های اجتماعی، اقتصادی و زیست‌محیطی در عرصه‌های کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی نشان می‌دهند که انسان در برابر طبیعت از حدود اخلاقیات گذر کرده است. مطالعه حاضر با هدف تحلیل ملاحظات اخلاقی در بین کشاورزان شهرستان سنقر در استان کرمانشاه و با بهره‌گیری از نظریه منطق فازی انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش کشاورزان هشت دهستان این شهرستان بود (18917=N) که از آن میان، با استفاده از جدول مورگان، 375  نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای دومرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. برای طبقه‌بندی دهستان‌ها از نظر اخلاق‌مداری، از روش منطق فازی و نرم‌افزار MATLAB استفاده شد. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش، از نظر اخلاق‌مداری زیست‌محیطی، تمام دهستان‌های مورد مطالعه با درجه عضویت بالا در سطح اخلاق‌مداری کم قرار گرفتند؛ به‌لحاظ اخلاق‌مداری کشاورزی هم دهستان‌های آب‌باریک (8/33) و سطر (9/37) با درجه عضویت بالا در سطح متوسط و سایر دهستان‌ها با درجه عضویت‌های مختلف در سطح کم قرار گرفتند؛ و در مجموع، از نظر اخلاق‌مداری زیستی- کشاورزی، به‌ترتیب، دهستان‌های سطر (5/43)، آب‌باریک (8/38)، گاوه‌رود (6/33)، باوله (5/32) و آگاهان (3/32) رتبه‌های اول تا پنجم را به خود اختصاص دادند و با درجه عضویت بالا در سطح اخلاق‌مداری متوسط قرار گرفتند و دیگر دهستان‌ها با درجه عضویت بالا در سطح اخلاق‌مداری کم جای گرفتند. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش و اثبات امکان کاربرد منطق فازی در مبحث اخلاق کشاورزی، شایسته است که با بهره‌گیری از پیشنهادهای پژوهش حاضر، تصمیم‌گیری بر مبنای همین مدل در دستور کار مدیران وبرنامه‌ریزان توسعه کشاورزی قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Ethical Considerations in Agricultural Activities in Sonqur County of Iran Using Fuzzy Logic

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Malek-Hosseini 1
  • A.A. Mirakzadeh 2
  • S. Salmanzadeh 3
1 PhD Graduate in Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
3 Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education and Member of Iranian Academy of Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Environmental crises, degradation of natural resources and reduction of social, economic and environmental capital in the fields of agriculture and natural resources show that man in the face of nature, has gone beyond the limits of morality. This study aimed to analyze ethical considerations among farmers in Sonqur County of Kermanshah province in Iran using the theory of fuzzy logic. The statistical population of the study consisted of farmers in eight sub-districts of the county (N=18917); and among them, based on Morgan’s sampling table, 375 farmers were selected as the sample in a two-stage cluster sampling method. The fuzzy logic method and MATLAB software were used to classify the sub-districts in terms of ethicality. The study findings showed that in the field of environmental ethics, all of the farmers of the studied sub-districts with the high degree of membership were at the low ethical level; and in terms of agricultural ethics, Abbarik (33.8) and Satar (37.9) sub-districts with high degree of membership were at the moderate ethical level and other sub-districts with various degrees of membership were placed at low level; and overall, in terms of environmental-agricultural ethics, Satar (43.5), Abbarik (38.8), Gaverood (33.6), Bavaleh (32.5) and Agahan (32.3) sub-districts, respectively, were ranked in the first to fifth positions and with high membership degree were placed at the moderate level and other sub-districts with high membership degree were placed at the low level of ethicality. Accordingly, the study findings and the proved possibility of applying the fuzzy logic in the field of agricultural ethics suggested that the decisions made on the basis of this model could be included in the agenda of managers and planners of agricultural development; in this regard, some suggestions were provided by this study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ethics
  • fuzzy logic
  • Bioethics
  • agriculture
  • Environment
  • Development
  • sustainability
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