عوامل مؤثر بر عرضه گردشگری روستایی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد، ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی و صنایع غذایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد، ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی و صنایع غذایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد، ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی و صنایع غذایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در دنیای امروز، با توجه به افزایش اوقات فراغت و محدودیت‌های زندگی شهری ، اهمیت گردشگری روستایی روزبه‌روز پررنگ‌تر می‌شود. در روستاها، جاذبه‌های فراوان وجود دارد که برای گذران اوقات فراغت بازدیدکنندگان شهری یا غیربومی، ظرفیتی بسیار مناسب را فراهم می‌آورد. هدف مطالعه حاضر تحلیل عوامل مؤثر بر عرضه گردشگری روستایی و جامعه آماری آن شامل روستاییانی بود که به کشاورزی می‌پردازند و از توان‌های لازم برای ارائه و یا افزایش سطح خدمات گردشگری روستایی و کشاورزی برخوردارند. داده‌های تحقیق به روش میدانی و با نمونه‌گیری تصادفی با انتساب متناسب از طریق مصاحبه حضوری و تکمیل صد پرسشنامه در 24 روستا از دوازده استان کشور به‌دست آمد. حجم نمونه نیز به کمک رابطه کوکران تعیین شد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها و شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر عرضه گردشگری روستایی، با توجه به ماهیت متغیر وابسته، از روش الگوی لاجیت رتبه‌ای استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که تنوع محصولات و خدمات، آموزش، اندازه مزرعه و تجربه اثر مثبت بر عرضه گردشگری روستایی دارند، در حالی که با افزایش سن کشاورزان، میل ورود به صنعت گردشگری کاهش می‌یابد. توجه بیشتر برنامه‌ریزان و سیاست‌گذاران به روستاییان و کشاورزانی که گردشگری را به‌عنوان شغل دوم برگزیده‌اند، از جمله پیشنهادهای پژوهش حاضر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting Rural Tourism supply

نویسندگان [English]

  • M.H. Askarpour 1
  • A. Mohammadinejad 2
  • R. Moghaddasi 3
1 PhD Student in Agricultural Economics, Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food Industries (FASFI), Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food Industries (FASFI), Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Education, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and Food Industries (FASFI), Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The importance of rural tourism in today's world is becoming more pronounced with increasing leisure time and the limitations of urban life. There are many attractions in the villages that provide a great capacity for urban or non-native visitors to spend their leisure time. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors affecting the rural tourism supply. The statistical population included the rural people who are engaged in agriculture and have the potential to provide or increase their rural and agricultural attraction services. The statistics and data used in this study were collected by field survey in a stratified simple sampling method using Cochran formula through the field interviews and completed 100 questionnaires in 24 villages of 12 provinces of Iran. Given the qualitative nature of the dependent variable, an ordinal logit model was used to analyze the data and identify the factors affecting the supply of rural tourism services. The study results showed that the variety of products and services, education, farm size and experience had positive effects on the rural tourism supply while the farmers’ desire to enter the tourism industry decreased by the increase in their ages. Enhancing attention of planners and policymakers to rural people and farmers who choose tourism as a second occupation is among others recommended by this study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • tourism
  • Rural Tourism
  • Ordinal logit
  • Iran
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