نقش بازارهای محلی در رونق اقتصادی روستاییان استان گیلان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموختة کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت، رشت، ایران

2 دانشیار اقتصاد کشاورزی، گروه مدیریت کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت، رشت، ایران

چکیده

بازار محلی نقش مهمی در توسعه روستایی دارد و هر تغییر و تحولی در این بازار بر زندگی و به‏ویژه بهبود وضعیت اقتصادی روستاییان و کشاورزان اثر می­گذارد. پژوهش حاضر، با هدف بررسی نقش بازارهای محلی در رونق اقتصادی روستاییان استان گیلان از طریق شناسایی و رتبه‏بندی مؤلفه­های اقتصادی، به لحاظ هدف کاربردی و از حیث جمع‏آوری داده­ها توصیفی- میدانی بود. در این راستا، ۱۹۵ نمونه از فروشندگان در 77 بازار محلی در استان گیلان به روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای تصادفی انتخاب شدند و با استفاده از پرسشنامه، اطلاعات لازم جمع­آوری شد. به‏منظور تبیین اهداف تحقیق، از روش تحلیل عاملی تأییدی (CFA) بهره گرفته شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که تأثیر توسعه بازارهای محلی بر مؤلفه­های رونق اقتصادی، به‏ترتیب، شامل افزایش تولید محصولات، درآمد، اشتغال و تنوع‏بخشی، و قیمت محصولات مثبت بوده و تعیین ضریب مسیر در ایجاد رونق اقتصادی برابر با 73/0 است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Role of Rural Markets in Rural People’s Economic Prosperity in Guilan Province of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sh. Falahati 1
  • J. Azizi 2
1 MSc. Graduate in Agricultural Management, Islamic Azad University, Branch of Rasht, Rasht, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural Management, Islamic Azad University, Branch of Rasht, Rasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

The local market plays an important role in rural development, given that it is a place to meet the economic needs of rural and urban people, based on the supply of rural products. This research aimed at investigating the role of local markets in the economic prosperity of the rural people in Guilan province of Iran by identifying and ranking the economic components. It was a descriptive study in terms of the purpose and a field-based in terms of data collection. In this regard, 195 samples of dealers in 77 local markets in Guilan province were selected by cluster random sampling method and data were collected through a questionnaire. Using the structural equation modeling (SEM) method, the estimated measurement model was first measured using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for reliability and validity testing of the model; and in the second step, the structural model for the proportionality test of overall model was investigated. The study results showed that the local market development had a positive effect on the components of economic prosperity including increase in production, income, employment and diversity, and the prices of products, and the determination of the path coefficient in creating economic prosperity was equal to 0.73.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Local Markets
  • Economic Prosperity
  • Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)
  • Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA)
  • Guilan (Province)
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