تحلیلی بر کارکرد بازارهای هفتگی در کیفیت زندگی نواحی روستایی شهرستان گنبدکاووس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‏ آموختة کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

2 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

3 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه گلستان، گرگان، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی و تبیین کارکرد بازارهای هفتگی در بهبود شاخص‌های کیفی زیستی و معیشتی خانوارهای روستایی است. تحقیق حاضر از لحاظ هدف کاربردی و از نظر روش توصیفی تحلیلی و پیمایشی بود. بر این اساس، سؤالات متعددی در مقیاس‏های مختلف اندازه‌گیری (اسمی، ترتیبی و نسبتی) در قالب پرسشنامه تهیه و تنظیم شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق سرپرستان خانوارهای ساکن در روستاهای دارای بازار هفتگی در سه دهستان شهرستان گنبد کاووس بودند. برای تحلیل و سنجش داده‌ها، از آزمون‌های تحلیل همبستگی مثل کای اسکوئر و فای/ کرامر و همچنین، از آزمون‌های مقایسه میانگین فریدمن و کروسکال والیس استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که ایجاد و استقرار بازارهای هفتگی در برخی از روستاها با بهبود شاخص‌های اقتصادی و اجتماعی از قبیل ایجاد فرصت‌های شغلی جدید، افزایش درآمد، تنوع شغلی، کاهش هزینه‌ها و افزایش انگیزه ماندگاری روستاییان و ... رابطه معنی‌دار دارد. همچنین، نتایج آزمون‌های فریدمن و کروسکال والیس برای مقایسه شاخص‌های توسعه کالبدی در روستاهای مختلف نشان داد که استقرار بازار هفتگی با بهبود و ارتقای برخی از مؤلفه‌های کالبدی رابطة معنی‏دار دارد. بر این اساس، بهبود اوضاع کالبدی روستا تا حد قابل قبول متأثر از ایجاد بازار در نواحی روستایی مورد مطالعه است

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the Function of Weekly Markets in Life Quality of Rural Areas in Gonbad Kavous County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z. Naseri 1
  • B. Sahneh 2
  • A. Najafi Kani 3
1 MSc. Graduate in Geography and Rural Planning, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Markets have been the places where earliest human communities have formed based on essential social needs. This survey evaluated and explained the function of weekly street markets in improvement of qualitative indexes of life and conditions of livelihood in the rural families. It was an applied study in terms of objective, and a descriptive-analytical and survey study in terms of methodology. On this basis, different questions were prepared in different measuring scales (names, orders, and relative scales) within questionnaires. The statistical population included the household heads settled in the villages that had weekly street markets in three sub-districts of the studied region. In order to analyze and measure the data, correlation analysis tests such as Chi-Square and Phi-Cramer as well as mean value comparison tests of Freidman and Kruskal Wallis were used. The study results showed that there was a significant relationship at a confidence level of 99 percent between formation and establishment of the weekly street markets in some of the villages and the improvement of economic and social indexes such as entrepreneurship, income increase, job variety, reduction of expenses, and increase in motivation to stay in the villages. In addition, the results from Freidman and Kruskal Wallis tests on the comparison of physical development indexes in different villages showed that establishment of the weekly markets had significant differences in improvement and elevation of some physical factors; accordingly, to an acceptable extent, improvement of physical situations in the villages depended on the formation of markets in the studied rural areas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Weekly Markets
  • Life quality
  • function
  • Rural Areas
  • Gonbad Kavous (County)
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