واکاوی مشکلات مردم روستای رودبار شهرستان بهشهر در اثر جابه جایی ناشی از احداث سد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموختة کارشناسی ارشد توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری توسعة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 استادیار گروه ترویج و توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

اجرای طرح جابه‏جایی روستای رودبار به­دلیل آب­گیری سد گلورد و خطر وقوع سیل و آب‏گرفتگی در سال 1388 صورت گرفت که با پیامدهای فراوان برای زندگی روستاییان همراه بود. از این‏رو، هدف پژوهش حاضر واکاوی مشکلات مردم روستای رودبار در شهرستان بهشهر در اثر جابه­جایی بود، که به روش سرشماری انجام شد (92=n). ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه محقق‏ساخته بود که روایی آن تأیید شد و پایایی آن نیز 89/0 به‏دست آمد. بر اساس نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی، عدم رعایت ملاحظات کالبدی- زیرساختی، عدم رعایت ملاحظات زیست­محیطی در احداث روستای جدید، عملکرد اجتماعی نامناسب سکونتگاه جدید، مشکلات مرتبط با وضعیت اقتصادی خانوار روستایی و عملکرد نامناسب سکونتگاه­های جدید از بعد فرهنگی- روانی مهم‏ترین مشکلات روستاییان پس از جابه­جایی ارزیابی شدند، که 46/52 درصد واریانس تجمعی را به خود اختصاص دادند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Exploration of Rural People’s Problems of Relocation Caused by Dam Construction: A Case Study of Roudbar Village of Behshahr County in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • S. Habibnejad Lojandi 1
  • T. Maleki 2
  • H. Yadavar 3
1 MSc. Graduate in Rural Development, Department of Extension and Rural Development, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 PhD Student in Agricultural Development, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Extension and Rural Development, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Relocation project of Roudbar village of Behshahr County in Iran was implemented in 2009, due to the construction of Gelevard dam and the risk of flooding. It had many consequences for the rural people. Considering the importance of research, this study aimed at exploring these rural people's problems of the relocation. It was conducted in a census method through questionnaire (n=92), the validity and reliability of which were confirmed by faculty members of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Department and then, using Cronbach's alpha measurement (α=0.89). Results of the exploratory factor analysis showed that lack of physical-infrastructural considerations, environmental non-compliance in the construction of the new village, poor social performance of new settlements, change in access to important areas, problems related to the economic situation of the rural households, poor residential performance of the new settlements were the most important problems, estimating by 52.46 percent of the cumulative variance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Organizing Rural Settlement
  • Relocation
  • Dam Construction Problems
  • Gelevard (Dam)
  • Roudbar (Village)
  • Behshahr (County)
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