تحلیل خاکستری - فازی شاخص‌های توسعه در سکونتگاه‏های روستایی مناطق مرزی: مطالعة موردی دهستان‌های شهرستان بانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به استقرار حدود پنجاه درصد از جمعیت کشور در استان­های مرزی، در کنار جایگاه ویژه نظام روستایی در توسعه ملی و نقش اثرگذار روستاییان در روند توسعه اقتصادی- اجتماعی سرزمینی، بررسی حاضر با هدف تبیین میزان توسعه روستایی در شهرستان مرزی بانه، در قالب یک پژوهش کاربردی  با روش توصیفی- تحلیلی، با تکیه بر مطالعات اسنادی- کتابخانه­ای و با استفاده از شیوه­های فازی و خاکستری به انجام رسید. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل کلیه مناطق روستایی شهرستان بانه بود که در قالب 59 مؤلفه بررسی و تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که در مجموع شاخص­ها، یک محرومیت کلی بر شهرستان بانه حاکم است، به گونه­ای که حتی برخوردارترین دهستان این شهرستان، یعنی دهستان ننور (با ضریب 35/0)، با سطح متوسط یک توسعه نرمال فاصله دارد. همچنین، توزیع منابع و امکانات روستایی در این شهرستان از هیچ الگو و قاعده­ای پیروی نمی­کند؛ هرچند، محرومیت توسعة نواحی روستایی نزدیک به نوار مرزی (دهستان­های بله­که و پشت­اربابا) نسبت به سایر نواحی بیشتر است. در پایان، پیشنهاد شد که به‏ترتیب، شاخص‏های ارتباطی، بهداشتی، آموزشی و زیربنایی با کمترین میزان دسترسی در شهرستان بانه در اولویت برنامه­ریزی قرار گیرند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Gray-Fuzzy Analysis of Development Indicators in Rural Settlements of Border Areas: A Case Study of Sub-districts of Baneh County in Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Y. Zarei
PhD in Geography and Rural Planning, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at explaining the extent of rural development in Baneh border County. It was an applied research, conducted in a descriptive-analytical method, relying on documents and desk studies and using Fuzzy and Gray Techniques. The statistical population included all the rural areas of Baneh County that were examined and analyzed under 59 components. The study results indicated a general deprivation of the county as a whole, so that even the most benefited sub-district in this county (with a factor of 0.35) was far away from a moderate normal level of development. The results also showed that the distribution of resources and rural facilities in the county did not follow any regular pattern and regulations, while the areas near the borders were even more deprived in terms of the rural development, compared to other studied areas. Finally, it was suggested that the indicators of communication, health, education and infrastructure, respectively, with the least amount of access in the county might be prioritized in planning policies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Gray Technique
  • Fuzzy Technique
  • Rural Development
  • Border Areas
  • Baneh (County)
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