تحلیل ظرفیت‌های محلی برای توسعۀ بوم‏گردی در روستای بنگلایان بندرعباس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیا دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران

2 استادیار گروه جغرافیا دانشگاه جیرفت، جیرفت، ایران

3 دانش ‏آموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد برنامه‏ ریزی اکوتوریسم، دانشگاه هرمزگان، بندرعباس، ایران

چکیده

در پژوهش حاضر، با اتکا به دو مفهوم محصول گردشگری و بوم‏گردی جامعه‏بنیاد، ظرفیت‌های محلی روستای بنگلایان در دهستان سیاهو بخش فین از توابع شهرستان بندرعباس به‏منظور ایجاد امکان عرضۀ بوم‏گردی برای گردشگران سنجیده شد. پژوهش از نوع کاربردی و روش آن توصیفی- تحلیلی و نیز ماهیت داده‏های آن کمی– کیفی بود. داده‏های مورد نیاز برای محاسبۀ شاخص‏ها در دو بعد مطالعات میدانی از طریق  پرسشنامه (359 نفر از گردشگران و 15 نفر از نخبگان و کارشناسان) و آمار و اطلاعات اخذ شده از سازمان‏های مرتبط گردآوری شدند. تعیین حجم نمونه برای گردشگران از طریق رابطة کوکران و روش نمونه‏گیری تصادفی صورت گرفت و در مورد پرسشنامۀ کارشناسان و نخبگان نیز حجم نمونه بر اساس نظر پرسش‏گر و به روش نمونه‏گیری گلوله‏برفی تعیین شد. همچنین، پایایی پرسشنامه‏ها با روش ضریب آلفای کرونباخ محاسبه شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که روستای بنگلایان از نظر جاذبه‌های گردشگری و وضعیت اجتماعی از ظرفیت‌های مناسب برای توسعۀ بوم‌گردی برخورار است، اما بر اثر فقدان تأسیسات، امکانات و خدمات و همچنین، ضعف عناصر سـازمانی و نهادی، این منطقه دارای ضریب نفوذ، ضریب ماندگاری و ضریب تراکم گردشگری پایین است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Local Capacities for Ecotourism Development in Bangelayan Village in Bandar Abbas County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Mirzadeh Kouhshahi 1
  • S Shahdadi 2
  • M. Rostami 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, University of Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran
3 MSc Student in Ecotourism Planning, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this research, local capacities of Bangelayan village in Bandar Abbas County of Iran were measured on the basis of two concepts of tourism product and community-based ecotourism in order to provide ecotourism for tourists. It was an applied study in terms of purpose, a descriptive-analytical study in terms of methodology and a quantitative-qualitative study in terms of data nature. The required data was collected by calculating the indices in two dimensions of field studies through questionnaires (359 tourists and 15 elite and experts) and the obtained information of relevant organizations. The sample size was measured by Cochran's formula and simple random sampling of tourists as well as elite and expert questionnaires according to the questioner's view and the snowball sampling. The reliability of questionnaire was also calculated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The study results showed that Bangelayan village had a number of good capacities for ecotourism development in terms of tourism attractions and social conditions, but the lack of facilities and services as well as weaknesses of organizations and institutions had caused the area to have low penetration, durability and tourism density coefficients.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Community-based Ecotourism
  • Local community
  • Tourism Product
  • Bangelayan (Village)
  • Bandar Abbas (County)
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