تحلیل عوامل مؤثر بر تمایل مالکان کسب وکارهای روستایی به توسعه فعالیت اقتصادی در روستا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی کرج، دانشکده اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه، گروه مدیریت و توسعه کشاورزی

2 دانش‏آموخته کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه تهران، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی کرج، گروه مدیریت و توسعه کشاورزی

3 دانشجوی دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی کرج، گروه مدیریت و توسعه کشاورزی

چکیده

بیکاری از مشکلات اساسی کشور به‏ویژه در مناطق روستایی است. کسب‏وکارهای روستایی نقشی مهم در کاهش بیکاری و مهاجرت‏ روستایی‏ و به‏طورکلی، در توسعه پایدار روستایی دارد. در این راستا، هدف مطالعة حاضر تحلیل عوامل مؤثر بر تمایل مالکان کسب‏وکارهای روستایی غیرکشاورزی شهرستان ملکان برای توسعه فعالیت اقتصادی در روستا بود. پژوهش حاضر از نظر ماهیت جزو تحقیقات کمی و از نظر هدف، کاربردی و همچنین، از نظر میزان کنترل متغیرها، غیرآزمایشی و از نظر گردآوری داده‌ها، پیمایشی و از لحاظ شیوه تحلیل داده‌ها نیز از نوع تحقیقات علی بود. جامعه آماری تحقیق 120 نفر از مالکان کسب‏وکارهای روستایی شهرستان ملکان بودند. برای جمع‏آوری داده‏ها، از پرسشنامه استفاده شد که روایی آن توسط پانل متخصصان و پایایی آن از طریق ضریب آلفای کرونباخ تأیید شد. نتایج تحلیل تشخیصی نشان داد که متغیرهای تاب‏آوری مالک کسب‏وکار، دلبستگی به روستا، سرمایه اجتماعی، تاب‏آوری طول عمر کسب‏وکار و رضایت‏مندی از خدمات کسب‏وکار بیشترین تأثیر را بر تمایل مالکان کسب‏وکارهای روستایی برای توسعه فعالیت اقتصادی خود در روستا دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Factors Affecting the Willingness of Rural Businesses Owners to Develop Economic Activities in Rural Areas

نویسندگان [English]

  • H. Varmazyari 1
  • B. Imani 2
  • J. Eghbali 3
1 Assistant Professor of Agricultural Development, Department of Agricultural Management and Development, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc Graduate in Rural Development, Department of Agricultural Management and Development, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD Student in Agricultural Development, Department of Agricultural Management and Development, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Unemployment serves as one of the basic problems of Iran, particularly in rural areas. Rural businesses play an important role in reducing the unemployment and rural migration and generally sustainable rural development. This study aimed to analyze factors affecting the willingness of the non-farming rural business owners to develop economic activities in rural areas. It was a quantitative research in terms of nature, an applied research in terms of purpose, a non-experimental in terms of the control variables, a survey in terms of data collection, and a causative research in terms of method of data analysis. The statistical population included 120 rural business owners in Malekan County of Iran. A questionnaire was set to collect data, the reliability and stability of which were confirmed by a panel of experts and Cranach's alpha coefficient, respectively. The results of discriminant analysis showed that the variables of resilience of business owners, attachment to the village, social capital, resilience of business lifespan, and owners’ satisfaction of business services had the highest impacts on the willingness of rural business owners to develop their economic activities in rural areas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resilience
  • Development
  • Rural Business Owners
  • Malekan (County)
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