ارزیابی میزان پایداری گردشگری روستایی: مطالعة موردی دهستان هوره، استان چهارمحال و بختیاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه یزد

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر ارزیابی پایداری گردشگری روستاهای دهستان هوره در استان چهارمحال و بختیاری بود. اطلاعات تحقیق به دو روش اسنادی و میدانی جمع‏آوری شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل 3267 خانوار و گردشگران روستاها بود که از آن میان، 344 سرپرست خانوار و 170 گردشگر به عنوان نمونه تحقیق تعیین شدند. نتایج نشان‏دهندة پایداری پایین ابعاد زیست‏محیطی، اقتصادی و اجتماعی روستاها بود؛ و در این زمینه، کمترین میزان پایداری از دید پاسخ‏گویان به شاخص‏های آلودگی (با میانگین 205/0)، امنیت (با میانگین 305/0) و منابع سرزمین (با میانگین 316/0) مربوط می‏شد و بهترین وضعیت شاخص‏ها نیز مربوط به افزایش آگاهی (با میانگین 497/0)، جلوگیری از مهاجرت (با میانگین 415/0) و عدالت و رفاه اقتصادی (با میانگین 410/0) برآورد شد. بر این اساس، برنامه‏ریزی برای توسعه پایدار گردشگری از الزامات اساسی برای بهبود شرایط زیست و فعالیت در محدوده مورد مطالعه به‏شمار می‏رود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Rural Tourism Sustainability: A Case Study of Horeh Sub-district in Chahar-Mahal and Bakhtiyari Province of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Pejman REZAEI
Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to assess the tourism sustainability in Horeh sub-district of Chahar-Mahal and Bakhtiyari province of Iran. It was an applied research conducted in a descriptive-analytical method. The required data were collected in both documentary and field methods. The statistical population consisted of 3267 households as well as tourists in the villages of Horeh sub-district. The total sample size was 344 household heads and 170 tourists. The results showed a low sustainability of the studied rural areas in the environmental, economic and social dimensions. In this regard, the least average amounts of sustainability were related to the indicators including pollution (0.205), security (0.305) and land resources (0.316); and the best condition was related to the indicators including increased awareness (0.497), immigration control (0.415), and justice and economic welfare (0.410). Accordingly, planning for sustainable tourism development was found to be a fundamental requirement for improving the living conditions within the studied area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Tourism Sustainability Assessment
  • Barometer of Sustainability
  • Radar of Sustainability
  • Horeh (Sub-district)
  1. Adabi, M. (2012). Rural tourism pathology with emphasis on cultural-based tourism (case study: Kane-Sulaghan Village). Master's Thesis of Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran. (Persian)
  2. Akbarian Ronizi, S. and Rezvani, M. (2015). Analysis of the sustainability of tourism development in rural areas (case study: central district of Damavand County). Human Geography Research, 47(1): 95-81. (Persian)
  3. Alvani, M. (2014). Mechanisms for sustainable tourism development. Conference on Tourism, The Second Featured Abstracts (Culture and Development), Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance. (Persian)
  4. Amini, A., Babajanali, F. and Bakhti, S. (2015). Evaluating the attitude of host society toward development of tourism in rural areas. Tourism Management Studies, 10(30):77-106. (Persian)
  5. Badri, A. (2001). Sustainability evaluation of rural resettlement strategy. PhD Thesis, Geography and Rural Planning, Tarbiat Modarres University, Faculty of Human Sciences. (Persian)
  6. Badri, A. and Rokneddin Eftekhari, A. (2003). Evaluation of stability: concept and method. Geographical Researches, 33(69): 9-34. (Persian)
  7. Bell, S. and Morse, S. (2006). Measuring sustainability: learning by doing. Translated by N. Shahnoushi et al., Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Publication. (Persian)
  8. Bell, S. and Morse, S. (2003). Measuring sustainable development, learning for doing. First Published in UK and USA.
  9. Bossel, H. (1999). Indicators for sustainable development, theory, method, application. IISD.
  10.  Chak, V. (2003). Tourism in a globa perspective. Translated by A. Parsaeian et al.. The Cultural Research Bureau, Tehran, Iran. (Persian)
  11.  Cai, Y., Hung, G., Yang, Z., Sun, W. and Chen, B. (2009). Investigation of public towards rural sustainable development based on a low-level expert system. Expert Systems with Application: 8910-8924.
  12.  Duim, V.R. (2005). Tourismscapes: an actor-network perspective on sustainable tourism development. Wageningen: WUR Wageningen. PN 172.
  13.  England Research (2005). Rural and farm tourism. Available at: www.anobanini.ir.
  14.  Farahani, H. (2006). Evaluation of the stability of rural areas with emphasis on the economic and social factors (case study: Tafresh County). PhD Thesis of Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran. (Persian)
  15.  Ghadiri, M., Motiee, H. and Mehrpooya, H. (2013). Explain the impact of tourism on rural areas case study: The East District of Klardasht. Journal of Tourism Planning and Development, 2(5): 33-49. (Persian)
  16.  Gadami, M. and Aligholizadeh Firouzjaei, N. (2012). Evaluation of tourism development of destination within sustainability. Geographical Researches Quarterly, 27(1): 79-104. (Persian)
  17.  Gholami, M. (2010). The study of the viewpoints of rural areas to host community acceptance of the tourists: a case study: valley of Qahan. Master's Thesis in Geography, Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Central Branch. (Persian)
  18.  Jodha, N.S. (1992). Understanding and responding to global climate change in fragile resource zones. Oxford University Press. New York.
  19.  Loizou, E., Chatzitheodoridis, F., Polymeros, K., Michaildis, A. and Mattis, K. (2014). Sustainable development of rural coastal areas: impacts of a new fisheries policy. Land Use Policy, 23(3): 41-47.
  20.  Maclaren, W. (1996). Urban sustainability reporting. Journal of the American Planning Association, 62(2): 184-202.
  21.  Mahmoudi, B., Feghhi, J., Makhdoom, M. and Avatefi, M. (2015). Evaluating the sustainability of process at the local level based on IUCN's approach (case study: customary area in Lordegan). Journal of the Natural Environment, Natural Resources of Iran, 68(4). (Persian)
  22.  Mahdavi, D. (2011). Evaluating the sustainability of tourism in historic villages, with an emphasis on cultural tourism development paradigm. Ph.D Thesis of Geography and Rural Planning, Tarbiat Modarres University. (Persian)
  23.  Mahdavi, M., Ghadiri, M. and Ghahremani. N. (2008). Impacts of tourism on rural development: attitudes of rural people in Kan vally and Sooleghan Subdistrict in Tehran County. Village and Development, 11(2): 39-60. (Persian)
  24.  Murdoc, J. (1993). Sustainable rural development: towards research agenda. Geoform, 24(3): 225-241.
  25.  Nickbeen, M. and Karami, M. (2012). Social and cultural sustainability of tourism development review, case study: Kish Island. Journal of Cultural Research, 2(13): 137-158. (Persian)
  26.  Oppermann, M. (1996). Rural tourism in southern Germany. Annals of Tourism Research, 13(1): 81-113.
  27.  Rezaei, P. (2016). Introduction to the planning of tourism areas. Yazd University Publications. (Persian)
  28.  Rezaei, P. and Ghahremani, N. (2016). Evaluation of the carrying capacity in land-use planning of tourism complexes. Tourism Management Studies, 10(31): 85-102. (Persian)
  29.  Rezvani, A. (2000). Geography and tourism industry. The Publisher of Payam Noor University. (Persian)
  30.  Rezvani, M. (2008). Rural tourism development (sustainable tourism approach). Tehran University Publications. (Persian)
  31.  Rezvani, M. and Bayat, N. (2014). The analysis of the position of rural tourism in the Iran's development programs. Tourism Development and Planning Journal, 2(9): 11-30. (Persian)
  32.  Rist, S. (2007). Moving from sustainable management to sustainable governance of natural sources. Rural Studies, 23(2): 19-31.
  33.  Rokneddin Eftekhari, A. and Aghayari Hir, M. (2007). Sustainability classification of rural development, a case study of Hir District. GEO Research, 61: 31-44. (Persian)
  34.  Rokneddin Eftekhari, A., Mahdavi, D. and Poortaheri, M. (2012). Sustainability Assessment of tourism in cultural- historical villages of Iran with an emphasis on sustainable tourism development paradigm. Tousrism Management Studies, 14(5): 2-39. (Persian)
  35.  Sajadi, A. and Ahmadi, F. (2013). Assessing the impact of rural tourism in Fooman County from the viewpoint of rural communities. Tousrism Management Studies, 8(23): 155-175. (Persian)
  36.  Shokri, V. (2005). The Role of tourism in sustainable rural development. The First Conference on the Role of the Tourism Industry Developed around the Caspian Sea. Tehran, Iran. (Persian)
  37.  Schlor, H., Fisher, W. and Friedrich, J. (2013). Methods of measuring sustainable development of the German energy sector. Applied Energy101: 172-181.
  38.  Soteriades, M. (2002). Tourism and environment in rural areas. Available at: www.fund.acbe/prelude.
  39.  Szabo, B. (2005). Rural tourism as alternative income source for rural areas along the Hortobagy. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 20(11): 174-184.
  40.  Statistical Center of Iran (2011). The population census results. Tehran: Statistical Center of Iran (Persian)
  41.  Torjman, Sh. (2000). The social dimension of sustaianable development. Galedon Institute Social Policy.
  42.  Xing, Y., Liang, H. and Xu, D. (2013). Sustainable development evaluation of urban traffic system. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 96: 496-504.
  43.  Young, J. and Saghaei, M. (2004). The role of rural tourism in regional development with emphasis on rural management. Journal of Geography and Development, 2(16): 23-39. (Persian)
  44.  Zahedi, Sh. (2006). Sustainable tourism and ecotourism. Tehran: Allameh Tabatabaei University Publication. (Persian)
  45.  Zargham Boroujeni, H. (2012). Tourism planning, an integrated and sustainable development approach. Mahkameh Publication. (Persian)