بررسی رفتار زیست‏محیطی زنان روستایی حوضة آبخیز هلیل‏رود شهرستان جیرفت با استفاده از نظریة رفتار برنامه‌ریزی‏شده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان

3 دکترای ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی رفتار زیست‏محیطی زنان روستایی حوضه آبخیز هلیل‏رود شهرستان جیرفت با استفاده از نظریة رفتار برنامه­ریزی‏شده در تابستان 1396 انجام شد. روش تحقیق پیمایشی- توصیفی بود. جامعه آماری در دسترس تحقیق زنان روستایی  حوضه آبخیز هلیل‏رود بودند (1288=N). حجم نمونه با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان 297 نفر تعیین شد. برای مطالعه افراد نمونه، از روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه­ای تناسبی استفاده شد. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه­ بود که روایی و پایایی آن مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که بین متغیرهای زمینه­ای تحقیق (نگرش زیست‏محیطی، هنجار ذهنی و کنترل رفتاری درک‏شده) و متغیر میانجی (نیت زیست‏محیطی) رابطة مثبت و معنی‏دار در سطح خطای یک درصد وجود دارد؛ همچنین، رابطه‏ای مثبت و معنی­دار بین نیت و رفتار زیست‏محیطی زنان روستایی مورد مطالعه در سطح خطای یک درصد وجود دارد. به‏طور کلی، متغیرهای زمینه­ای توانستند از طریق نیت زیست‏محیطی، 63 درصد تغییرات رفتار زیست‏محیطی زنان روستایی مورد مطالعه را تبیین کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Rural Women's Environmental Behavior in Halilrood Watershed Area of Jiroft County of Iran Using Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir NAEIMI 1
  • Rezvan MEHNI RAFTAR 2
  • Seyyed Mohammad Javad SOBHANI 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Extension, Communication and Rural Development, University of Zanjan. Zanjan, Iran
2 MSc. Student in Agricultural Extension and Education, University of Zanjan. Zanjan, Iran
3 PhD in Agricultural Extension and Education, Iran
چکیده [English]

Environmental pollution, destruction and overuse of natural resources come mostly from inappropriate human behaviors. The role of women in protecting the environment is considered as a critical contribution to conservation of natural resources. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the environmental behavior of rural women in Halilrood watershed area of Jiroft County in Kerman province of Iran using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in 2017. This survey research was conducted in a descriptive method. Accessible statistical population included rural women of the studied area (N=1288). Sample size was determined via Krejcie and Morgan table (n=297). Sampling was done in a proportional stratified random sampling method. The research instrument was a questionnaire, the validity and reliability of which were confirmed. Study results showed that there was a positive and significant (p≤0.01) relationship between antecedent variables including environmental attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control (PBC) and mediator variable (environmental intention); also, there was a positive and significant (p≤0.01) relationship between the environmental intention and the rural women's behavior. Therefore, antecedent variables could explain 63 percent of variations in the rural women’s behavior by environmental intention

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Environment Conservation
  • Rural Women
  • Environmentally Friendly Behaviors
  • Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB)
  • Jiroft (County)
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