بررسی مشارکت زنان روستایی در فعالیت‏های دامداری: مطالعة موردی شهرستان چاراویماق

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان

2 دانش‏آموختة کارشناسی ارشد توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشکدة اقتصاد و توسعة کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

تحقیق توصیفی پیمایشی حاضر با هدف بررسی سطح مشارکت زنان روستایی در ابعاد مختلف فعالیت‏های دامداری صورت گرفت و جامعه آماری آن شامل کلیه زنان روستایی شهرستان چاراویماق بود که با استفاده از رابطة کوکران، حجم نمونه برابر با ۱۳۵ نفر محاسبه و از طریق روش نمونه­گیری چندمرحله‏ای تصادفی انتخاب و بررسی شدند. برای بررسی تأثیر متغیرهای مورد مطالعه بر سطح مشارکت زنان در ابعاد هشت‏گانة فعالیت‏های دامداری، از رگرسیون چندگانه استفاده شد. رتبه ‏بندی فعالیت‌ها نشان از مشارکت بالای زنان در فعالیت‏های شیردوشی و فرآوری و کمترین مشارکت در زمینة چرای دام داشت. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیونی نشان داد که مهم‏ترین متغیرهای تأثیرگذار بر مشارکت زنان بدین شرح است: در مدیریت چرا، درآمد سالانه؛ در شیردوشی و بازاریابی، تحصیلات زنان؛ در تولید مثل، نگرش؛ و در پشم چینی، علاقه به نگهداری دام.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Participation of Rural Women in Livestock Activities: A Case Study of Charuymaq County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali SHAMS 1
  • Nazila NABIZADEH 2
  • Hossein SHABANALI FAMI 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural Development, University of Zanjan. Zanjan, Iran
2 MSc. Student in Rural Development, University of Zanjan. Zanjan, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran. Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

A great part of livestock activities in the villages is done by women, and by recognizing the status of their participations, these will be more accurately planned by the concerned organizations. Therefore, this descriptive-survey study aimed at investigating the level of participation of rural women in various aspects of livestock activities. The statistical population included all the rural women in Charuymaq County of Iran. Using Cochran's formula, a sample size of 135 people was calculated and randomly selected through a multi-stage sampling method. Moreover, multiple regression method was used for investigating the effect of the variables on the level of female participation in various aspects of livestock husbandry. The results of regression analysis showed that the most important variables affecting women's participation included: in the management of grazing, the annual income; in livestock management and marketing, women's education; in reproductive management, women's attitude towards animal husbandry; and in the management of wool cutting, women's interest in keeping livestock.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • livestock
  • Rural Women
  • participation
  • Charuymaq (County)
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