بررسی تغییرات الگوی مسکن روستایی و ارزیابی اثرات اقتصادی آن: مطالعة موردی دهستان‏های آجی‏چای و میدان‏چای شهرستان تبریز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه تبریز

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه تبریز

3 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‏ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

پژوهش کاربردی حاضر به بررسی تغییرات الگوی مسکن روستایی و ارزیابی اثرات اقتصادی آن در دو دهستان آجی‏چای و میدان‏چای واقع در شهرستان تبریز می‏پردازد. روش تحقیق توصیفی- تحلیلی و همبستگی بود که بخش عمدة داده­های آن بر اساس مطالعات میدانی و با روش نمونه‏گیری (کوکران) از 350 خانوار جمع‏آوری شد. یافته­های پژوهش بر اساس نتایج به‏دست آمده از آزمون همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که ارتباط قوی و معنی‏داری بین عوامل تغییرات اجتماعی و الگوی مسکن روستایی و عوامل اقتصادی وجود دارد؛ همچنین، در توزیع فضایی رابطه بین تغییرات اجتماعی و الگوی مسکن در ده روستا، همبستگی مستقیم و نسبتاً کامل وجود دارد. برای ارزیابی اثرگذاری تغییرات اجتماعی و الگوی مسکن و تغییرات اقتصادی از مدل بزارش رگرسیونی استفاده شد و نتایج گویای آن بود که شاخص­های تغییرات اجتماعی اعم از پذیرش فرهنگی، مصرف‏گرایی و ناهنجاری‏های اجتماعی در زندگی روستایی به‏ترتیب با 256/0، 154/0 و 157/0 در تغییرات الگوی مسکن روستایی مؤثرند؛ همچنین، شاخص‏های پلان معماری مسکن، کیفیت بنای مسکن، و مقاومت مسکن بر عوامل اقتصادی تأثیر مستقیم دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Changes in Rural Housing Pattern and Evaluating Their Economic Effects: A Case Study of Aji-Chay and Meidan-Chay Sub-districts in Tabriz County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad ZAHERI 1
  • Nabiollah HOSSEINI SHAHPARIYAN 2
  • Samira HASHEMI 3
1 Associate Professor in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Tabriz. Tabriz, Iran.
2 PhD Student in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Tabriz. Tabriz, Iran
3 PhD Student in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Tabriz. Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

This applied study aimed at examining the effects of social changes in the lives of rural people on the pattern of rural housing and their economic consequences in Aji-Chay and Meidan-Chay sub-districts in Tabriz County of Iran. It was a descriptive-analytical and correlation study. The required data were mainly based on field studies and sampling (Cochran) and collected from 350 households. The results of Pearson correlation test showed that there was strong and significant relationship between social changes and the pattern of rural housing and economic factors; and the results indicated a direct and relatively complete correlation between social change and spatial distribution pattern of housing in ten villages. Also, to assess the impact of social change and the pattern of housing and economic changes regression, Fit model was used and the results showed that social change indicators ranging from cultural acceptance, consumerism and social abnormalities in rural life were effective on rural housing pattern changes by 0.256, 0.154 and 0.157, respectively. In addition, the results of the indices of housing and economic factors indicated that housing architectural plan (0.195), house building quality (0.168) and resistance of housing (0.111) had direct effects on economic factors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Changes
  • Pattern of Housing
  • Economic effects
  • Aji-Chay and Meidan-Chay (Sub-districts)
  • Tabriz (County)
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