تحلیل اثرات طرح خروج دام از جنگل بر مردم محلی: مطالعة موردی روستای سیاه‏دره نهاوند

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه لرستان

2 دانش‏آموختة کارشناسی ارشد توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه لرستان.

3 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه لرستان

4 دانش‏آموخته کارشناسی ارشد توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه لرستان

چکیده

هدف کلی پژوهش حاضر بررسی آثار و پیامدهای اجرای طرح خروج دام از جنگل در روستای سیاه‏دره شهرستان نهاوند بود، که به‏صورت کیفی و با استفاده از روش نظریة بنیانی انجام شد. جمع‏آوری اطلاعات از طریق مشاهده نیمه‏مشارکتی و مصاحبه نیمه‏ساختارمند در سال 1394 و در قالب گروه‏های بحث متمرکز صورت گرفت. جامعة آماری تحقیق سرپرستان خانوارهای ساکن روستای مورد مطالعه بودند. نمونه‏گیری تحقیق به‏صورت هدفمند و تا زمان اشباع نظری داده‏ها پیش رفت. پایایی پرشسنامه از طریق یادداشت‏برداری نکات کلیدی مطرح‏شده در مصاحبه‏ها، ایجاد نوعی تعامل دو طرفه با مصاحبه‏شوندگان و سه‏وجهی‏سازی و روایی آن نیز از طریق راهبرد «بازخورد مشارکت‏کننده» تأیید شد. تحلیل اطلاعات گردآوری‏شده از طریق مصاحبه و مشاهده با استفاده از روش‏های تحلیل کیفی و از طریق استخراج، دسته‏بندی، طبقه‏بندی و دستیابی به مفاهیم کلی در قالب روش نظریة بنیانی انجام گرفت. طبق نتایج به‏دست آمده، اثرات خروج دام از جنگل در شش دسته شامل 1) تضعیف و رکود فعالیت‏های دامداری، 2) اثرات مثبت و منفی بر وضعیت مالی روستاییان، 3) پیدایش معضلات اجتماعی در روستا، 4) تضعیف روحیه مشارکتی روستاییان در حفظ جنگل‏ها و مراتع، 5) عدم پایبندی سازمان‏های دولتی به تعهدات طرح، و 6) اثرات سوء روحی و روانی طبقه‏بندی شدند. در پژوهش حاضر، پیشنهادهای برنامه‏ریزی جامع در راستای سامان‏دهی پرورش دام و تلاش دولت برای عملی کردن وعده‏های داده‏شده به جنگل‏نشینان به‏منظور رفع مشکلات اجرایی طرح ارائه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the Effects of Livestock Removal from Forest on Local People: A Case Study of Siahdarreh Village in Nahavand County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi RAHIMIAN 1
  • Marziyeh FARASHI 2
  • Saeed GHOLAMREZAEI 3
  • Amin BARAKHAS 4
1 Assistant Professor and Faculty Member, Department of Rural Development, Lorestan University, Iran
2 MSc. Graduate in Rural Development. Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor and Faculty Member, Department of Rural Development, Lorestan University, Iran.
4 MSc. Graduate in Rural Development. Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at investigating the effects of implementation of Livestock Removal from Forest (LRF) Plan in Siahdarreh village in Nahavand County of Iran. The qualitative research was conducted using grounded theory method. The required data were collected by semi-participatory observation and semi-structured interviews in the form of focused group discussion. The statistical population included household heads in the studied village. The sampling was done in a purposeful manner, advancing until the theoretical saturation of data. The validity of questionnaire was confirmed through the key notes raised in the interviews, two-way interaction with the interviewees and triangulation, and its reliability was confirmed through the strategy of "participant feedback". Data analysis was conducted through extraction, sorting, classification and general concepts within the grounded theory method. According to the results, the effects of LRF were classified in six categories, including: 1) weakening and stagnation of livestock activities, 2) positive and negative effects on the financial status of rural people, 3) the emergence of social problems in the village, 4) demoralized rural participation in conserving forests and pastures, 5) lack of commitment of governmental organizations to obligations of the plan, and 6) the psychological adverse effects. To reduce the plan problems, some suggestions such as a comprehensive planning for organized livestock and government efforts to implement the promises made to foresters were presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Livestock Removal from Forest (LRF) Plan
  • Grounded theory
  • Siahdarreh (Village)
  • Nahavand (County)
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