الگوی سامان‏دهی فضایی سکونتگاه‌های روستایی بر مبنای نظام جمعیتی و توزیع خدماتی: مطالعة موردی شهرستان اسفراین

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش کاربردی حاضر با هدف سامان‏دهی فضایی سکونتگاه­های روستایی شهرستان اسفراین و با بهره­گیری از فنون سطح­بندی جمعیتی، سطح­بندی خدماتی، اسکالوگرام و تحلیل سلسله‏مراتبی به انجام رسید. روش تحقیق توصیفی- تحلیلی، شیوه گردآوری اطلاعات کتابخانه­ای و ابزار جمع­آوری اطلاعات مبتنی بر داده­های ثانویه (آمارنامه سال 1390) استان­ خراسان شمالی بود که طی آن، چهل مؤلفه در ابعاد مختلف استخراج و بررسی شدند. تحلیل یافته­ها نشان داد که از میان این مؤلفه‏ها در 157 روستای دارای سکنه شهرستان اسفراین، تنها دسترسی به مؤلفه­های دبستان، مسجد، شورای اسلامی، دهیار، خانه بهداشت و دفتر مخابرات قابل قبول بوده و در دسترسی به سایر خدمات، محرومیت شدید حاکم است. در نهایت، برای برقراری تعادل فضایی و خدمات­رسانی مطلوب در شهرستان اسفراین (متناسب با نظام جمعیتی، نقش و جایگاه هر روستا)، ضمن پیشنهاد یک نظام سلسله­مراتبی، این شهرستان به سه منظومه روستایی، هفت مجموعه و سی حوزه روستایی تقسیم شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Spatial Arranging Pattern of Rural Settlements Based on Demographic System and Service Distribution: A Case Study of Esfarayen County of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • yaghoub zarei
PhD in Geography and Rural Planning, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research aimed at arranging spatial settlements in Esfarayen County of Iran. It was an applied research using demographic leveling techniques, service leveling, scalogram and hierarchical analysis. The research was conducted in a descriptive-analytical method. The required information was collected in a library method by the instrument based on secondary data of North Khorasan province of Iran (Statistics of 2011), during which 40 components were extracted and placed in different dimensions. The analysis of findings showed that among the 40 components surveyed in 157 inhabited villages of the county, only access to elementary school, mosque, Islamic Council, Rural Assistant Officer [Dehyar], Health House and telecommunication office was acceptable, and there was a strong deprived access to other services. Eventually, to balance the space and the best service in the county (proportionate to the demographic system, the role and the position of each village), a hierarchical system was suggested and this county was divided into three rural towns, seven rural sets and thirty rural areas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Spatial Arranging
  • rural settlements
  • population
  • services
  • Esfarayen (County)
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