اثرات اقتصادی و اجتماعی طرح هدفمندسازی یارانه‌ها از دیدگاه روستاییان شهرستان زنجان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

مطالعة حاضر با هدف بررسی آثار اقتصادی و اجتماعی یارانه مصرفی با بهره‌گیری از رهیافت کمی در جامعه خانواده‌های روستایی شهرستان زنجان انجام شد. نمونه‌گیری به روش خوشه‌ای صورت گرفت و حجم نمونه با استفاده از رابطة کوکران معادل 270 نفر برآورد شد. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه بود، که روایی آن توسط پنل متخصصان و پایایی آن در یک مطالعه پایلوت بررسی شد. نتایج تحلیل عاملی نشان داد که ابعاد تبیین‏کننده و معنی‌دار اثرات اقتصادی یارانه، به‏ترتیب اهمیت، عبارت‏اند از بهبود درآمد و قدرت خرید، توسعه فعالیت‌های کشاورزی، و افزایش هزینه‌ها. نتایج در خصوص اثرات اجتماعی یارانه‌ها نشان داد که پنج بعد با اولویت احساس امنیت روانی و اجتماعی دارای سهم سازنده و معنی‌دار هستند. بر اساس نتایج، پیشنهادهایی ارائه شد مبنی بر آنکه پرداخت یارانه مصرفی به صورت هدفمند به خانوارهای آسیب‌پذیر انجام شود و همچنین، به منظور هدایت مصرف و فرهنگ‌سازی، برگزاری دوره‌های آموزشی حضوری و رسانه‌ای در دستور کار قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Economic and Social Effects of Targeted Subsidies from the Perspective of Rural People in Zanjan County of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Roya Karami
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to investigate the economic and social effects of consumption subsidy using quantitative approach in the population of rural people in Zanjan County of Iran. For this purpose, it used a cluster sampling method and the sample size of 270 was calculated using the Cochran formula. The research tool was a questionnaire, the validity of which was assessed using a panel of experts, and its reliability was evaluated in a pilot study. The results of factor analysis showed that the significant dimensions contributing to economic effects of the targeted subsidies with respect to their importance included growing the incomes and the purchasing power, developing agricultural activities, and rising costs. The results regarding the social effects of the targeted subsidies showed that five dimensions with priority of psychological and social sense of security had significant and constructive contribution. Based on the results, it was suggested that consumption subsidy payments needed to be targeted toward vulnerable households. Likewise, in order to guide the consumption and establish its true culture, holding the training courses in person or through media was suggested.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Economic effects
  • Social Effects
  • Consumption Subsidy
  • costs
  • Purchasing Power
  • Social Capital
  • Luxury Consumption
  • Zanjan (County)

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