طراحی الگویی از چالش‌های سیاست‏گذاری و برنامه‌ریزی توسعة روستایی در ایران: یک نظریة داده‌بنیان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، گروه مدیریت و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد دانشکده اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، گروه مدیریت و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشجوی دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، گروه مدیریت و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه تهران

4 استادیار مؤسسه پژوهش‌های برنامه‌ریزی، اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، وزارت جهاد کشاورزی

چکیده

در تحقیق حاضر، با استفاده از رهیافت نظریه داده‌بنیان، چالش‌های سیاست‏گذاری و برنامه‏ریزی توسعه روستایی در ایران در قالب رویکردی استقرایی شناسایی و تحلیل شد؛ و مشارکت‌کنندگان در تحقیق متشکل از خبرگان در حوزة برنامه‏ریزی و توسعه روستایی بودند که از آن میان، 28 نفر بر اساس معیار اشباع نظری و با استفاده از رویکرد نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و روش نمونه‌گیری گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند. نتایج نشان داد که فقدان پارادایم و نظریه توسعه روستایی به عدم یکپارچگی نظام سیاست‏گذاری و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی انجامیده، که خود بر تقویت نگرش‌ها و باورهای تک‏بعدی و ناسازگار با نواحی روستایی و رویکردهای غیرمشارکتی تأثیر داشته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Grounded Theory Approach to Developing a Model for Challenges of Policy-Making and Planning of Rural Development in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hojjat VARMAZYARI 1
  • Khalil KALANTARI 2
  • Rasool LAVAEI ADARYANI 3
  • Mohsen Mohsen SAMADI 4
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor in Regional Planning, Department of Agricultural Management and Development, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD Student in Agricultural Development, Faculty of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor; Agricultural Planning, Economics, and Rural Development Research Institute (APERDRI), Ministry of Jihad for Agriculture, Tehran. Iran
چکیده [English]

Because of some problems and challenges in policy-making and planning of rural development, the national development programs of Iran have mainly failed in achieving their goals in the rural areas. Hence, the main purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the challenges of rural development policy-making and planning in Iran. These challenges were identified and analyzed in the form of inductive approach by using grounded theory approach. The participants consisted of all experts in rural development and planning area. The purposeful and snowball sampling methods were used to select 28 experts, based on theoretical saturation criterion. The results showed that the lack of development paradigm and theory led to the lack of integrity in rural policy-making and planning system, resulting in the reinforcement of one-dimensional, reductionist and incompatible attitudes and beliefs about rural areas as well as non-participatory approaches.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Policy-making
  • Planning
  • Rural Development
  • Grounded theory

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