بررسی ایجاد شهر کوچک و تأثیرات آن بر سکونتگاه‏های روستاهای حریم: مطالعة موردی شهر فردوسیه، بخش مرکزی شهرستان شهریار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‏ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران

2 دانشیار گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران

3 استاد گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، ایران

4 استاد گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی ایجاد شهر کوچک و تأثیرات آن بر سکونتگاه‏های روستاهای حریم بود. بدین منظور، شهر فردوسیه و روستاهای حریم آن شامل یوسف‏آباد صیرفی، رامین و وسطر در بخش مرکزی شهرستان شهریار بررسی شد. روش تحقیق توصیفی- تحلیلی و جامعه آماری آن شامل شهر فردوسیه به انضمام سه روستای یادشده با جمعیتی حدود 27586 نفر بود که از آن میان، بر اساس رابطة کوکران، 379 نفر (62 نفر مسئولان و 317 نفر مردم) به عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شدند. تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از قانون رتبه- اندازه و ماتریس سوات (SWOT) انجام شد. نتایج پژوهش بیانگر آن بود که توزیع نرمال جمعیت در سطح منطقه عملکرد مثبت نداشته و با عدم کاهش نابرابری‌های موجود بین سکونتگاه‏ها و نیز عدم بهبود نظام سلسله‏مراتب سکونتگاهی همراه بوده است؛ همچنین، نامناسب بودن و عدم کفایت تسهیلات آموزشی، فرهنگی، بهداشتی و درمانی به عنوان مهم‏ترین نقاط ضعف داخلی محسوب می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Small City Creation and Its Effects on Surrounding Villages Settlements: A Case Study of Ferdowsiyeh City, Central District of Shahriar County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mona TAMIMI 1
  • Bijan RAHMANI 2
  • Masoud MAHDAVI 3
  • Rahim SARVAR 4
1 PhD Student in Rural Geography and Planning, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, ShahidBeheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Geography , Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
4 Professor, Department of Geography , Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Small cities development through promoting the large villages and prone to becoming a city is one of the most important measures taken aiming at improving and increasing the life standards in rural districts. This research aimed at studyingthe creation of small cities and its effects on the surrounding villages. The study area wasFerdowsiyehcity and its surrounding villages includingYousefabadSeyrafi, Ramin, and Vastar located in the central district of Shahriar County of Iran. It was a descriptive-analytic research in terms of methodology. The requireddata was collected through documentary and field studies. The sample size was selected 379 persons through Cochran formula. The data obtained from the research was evaluated and measured using the statistical models of rank-size rule and SWOT matrix. Results showed that the normal distribution of population had no positive function in the area and failed to reduce inequalities among settlements and as well as to improve hierarchical system of settlement. Moreover, theinadequate and insufficient educational, cultural, health and medical facilities were found to be as the most important internal weaknesses.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Small City
  • Settlement
  • Village
  • Ferdowsiyeh (City)
  • Shahriar (County)
  • Iran
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