تأثیر دستگاه‌های سیار روغن‌کشی زیتون بر توسعه روستایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، گروه توسعه روستایی، تهران

2 استاد دانشگاه تهران و دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، گروه توسعه روستایی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد دانشگاه تهران و دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، گروه توسعه روستایی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر دستگاه‌های سیار روغن‌کشی زیتون بر توسعه روستایی در استان‌های زیتون‌خیز کشور بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را 5250 کشاورز زیتون‌کار تشکیل می‏دادند که با استفاده از رابطة کوکران، تعداد نمونه‌ها 192 نفر برآورد شد و با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای، داده‏های مورد نیاز جمع‏آوری شد. ابزار اصلی تحقیق پرسشنامه‌ای است که روایی آن با کسب نظرات اساتید و صاحب‌نظران در حوزه کشاورزی به‏دست آمد و پایایی آن نیز با انجام آزمون مقدماتی و محاسبه ضریب آلفای کرونباخ تأیید شد. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان داد که سطح توسعه روستایی در روستاهای دارای دستگاه سیار روغن‌کشی زیتون از سطح آن در روستاهای فاقد این دستگاه بالاتر است. همچنین، نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون ترتیبی نشان داد که متغیر مستقل به‏کارگیری دستگاه سیار روغن‌کشی زیتون بر توسعه اقتصادی و توسعه اجتماعی‌ـ فرهنگی روستاها تأثیرگذار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Impact of Olive Oil Extraction Portable Devices on Rural Development of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad AHMADI SHARIF 1
  • Iraj MALEKMOHAMMADI 2
  • Mahmoud Mahmoud HOSSEINI 3
1 MSc Student in Rural Development, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Universityof Tehran and Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Agrtcultural Extension and Education, Universityof Tehran and Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at investigating theimpact of olive oil extraction portable devices on the rural development in the olive growing provinces. The statistical population included 5250 olive farmers in the two groups of users and non-users of olive oil extraction portable devices. The sample size was estimated 192 people through Cochran formula in a stratified sampling method.Main tool of thestudy was a questionnaire, the validity of which was obtained by using a panel of experts and masters in agriculture. The reliability of  the questionnaire was calculated through a pre-test and Cronbach’s alpha (α=0.88-0.91). The study results showed that the rural development level in the villages with the olive oil extraction portable devices was higher than the villages without such devices. Also, the results of the ordinal regression analysis showed that the application of olive oil extraction portable devices was effective on the economic development and socio-cultural development of villages.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Oil Extraction
  • Horticultural Products Processing
  • Rural Development
  • Olive Production
  • Iran
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