تعیین راهبردهای توسعة کارآفرینی در روستاهای پیراشهری: مطالعة موردی روستاهای پیرامون شهر لار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد لارستان

چکیده

امروزه، توسعه­نیافتگی نواحی روستایی و کمبود فرصت­های اشتغال سبب شده است که هر ساله تعداد کثیری از جمعیت روستایی به سوی شهرها مهاجرت ­کنند. یکی از جدیدترین شیوه­های غلبه بر چالش­های اقتصادی، توسعه کارآفرینی روستایی است. کارآفرینی روستایی نیازمند شناخت امکانات و محدودیت­ها، و آگاهی از فرصت­ها و موانع است. در پژوهش حاضر، این ضرورت‏ها در روستاهای پیراشهری لار در چارچوب مدل SWOT صورت­بندی شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق را جمعیت 20700 نفری سکونتگاه­های روستایی تشکیل می‏داد. بنابراین، یک جامعه نمونه 377 نفری با استفاده از رابطة کوکران تعیین شد و مورد پرسشگری قرار گرفت. نتایج مطالعه نشان داد که برای رسیدن به توسعه کارآفرینی، اتخاذ راهبرد جهشی یک ضرورت اجتناب­ناپذیر است،راهبردی که از طریق تشکیل تعاونی­های تولیدی کارآفرینی با حمایت نظام بانکی، توسعه خدمات الکترونیک برای دستیابی سریع به اطلاعات و فرصت‏های اشتغال، و حمایت سازمان­های رسمی از کارآفرینان قابل تحقق خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Determination of Entrepreneurship Development Strategies in Peri-Urban Villages: A Case Study of Villages around Lar City of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • Ahmad Ali KHORRAMBAKHT
Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, Islamic Azad University, Larestan Branch, Larestan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, undeveloped rural areas and decreased employment opportunities cause mass migration of rural populations towards cities. Rural entrepreneurship is known as one of the latest ways to overcome economic challenges, which requires identification of possibilities and limitations as well as opportunities and obstacles. In this study, these necessities were formulated within SWOT model in the villages around Lar city of Iran. Statistical society included 20700 people living in the rural settlements. So, by using Cochran formula, a community sample of 377 people was determined and investigated. Validity of questionnaire was evaluated by views of experts, and its reliability was evaluated by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The results showed that to promote entrepreneurship, adoption of aggressive strategies was an inevitable necessity. This strategy could be realized by establishment of producing entrepreneurship cooperatives with support of banking system, development of electronic services in order to quick access to information and employment opportunities, and official support of entrepreneurs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneurship
  • Peri-Urban Village
  • SWOT Model
  • Lar (City)
  • Iran
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