طراحی الگوی رفتار سازگاری در برابر تغییرات اقلیم: مطالعة موردی زنان شالی‏کار استان مازندران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دﻛﺘﺮی ﺗﺮوﻳﺞ و آﻣﻮزش ﻛﺸﺎورزی، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﻲ، واﺣﺪ ﻋﻠﻮم و ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎت ﺗﻬﺮان، ﺗﻬﺮان، اﻳﺮان.

2 نویسندة مسئول و دانشیار ﮔﺮوه اقتصاد، ﺗﺮوﻳﺞ و آﻣﻮزش ﻛﺸﺎورزی، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﻲ، واﺣﺪ ﻋﻠﻮم و ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎت ﺗﻬﺮان، ﺗﻬﺮان، اﻳﺮان

3 دانشیار ﮔﺮوه اقتصاد، ﺗﺮوﻳﺞ و آﻣﻮزش ﻛﺸﺎورزی، داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﻲ، واﺣﺪ ﻋﻠﻮم و ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﺎت ﺗﻬﺮان، ﺗﻬﺮان، اﻳﺮان.

چکیده

اثرات منفی ناشی از تغییرات اقلیم و تلاش برای کاهش آنها با تأثیرات متفاوت بر زنان و مردان همراه بوده و نقش زنان، به‏ عنوان بازیگران مهم و دارندگان دانش و مهارت‏های قابل توجه، در سازگاری با این تغییرات درخور اهمیت است. پژوهش حاضر، با هدف طراحی الگوی رفتار سازگاری با تغییرات اقلیم در بین زنان شالی‏کار استان مازندران و با بهره ‏گیری از مدل توسعه‏ یافته نظریه انگیزش حفاظت صورت پذیرفت. بدین منظور، 173 نفر از این زنان شالی‏کار که در سال زراعی 96-1395 به کشت برنج پرداخته بودند، از طریق نمونه‏ گیری طبقه ‏ای با انتساب متناسب انتخاب شدند. به ‏منظور جمع‏ آوری اطلاعات، از پرسشنامه استاندارد استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که ارزیابی تهدید و ارزیابی مقابله زنان شالی‏کار بر رفتار سازگاری آنها با تغییرات اقلیم اثر مثبت و معنی‏دار دارند؛ همچنین، درک مشکلات دارای بیشترین اثر بر ارزیابی تهدید و نیز هزینه‏ های پاسخ دارای بیشترین اثر بر ارزیابی مقابله با تغییرات اقلیم توسط آنهاست. با توجه به نتایج، پیشنهاد می ‏شود که سازمان‏ های دولتی و خصوصی مرتبط با کشاورزی، منابع طبیعی، تغییرات اقلیم و نیز سازمان‏های بین ‏المللی همچون هیئت بین ‏الدول تغییرات اقلیم و کنوانسیون سازمان ملل متحد در مورد تغییرات اقلیمی نسبت به آموزش رفتارهای حفاظتی و سازگارانه ‏تر به زنان شالی‏کار اقدام کنند. نتایج تحقیق حاضر به شناسایی رفتارهای تعیین ‏کنندة سازگاری زنان در برابر تغییرات آب ‏و هوایی و مداخلات راهبردی لازم برای سازگاری مؤثرتر آنها کمک می­ کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a Pattern of Adaptive Behavior to Climate Change: A Case Study of Paddy Farmer Women in Mazandaran Province of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Imaneh Goli 1
  • Maryam Omidi Najafabadi 2
  • Farhad Lashgarara 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Economics, Agricultural Extension and Education Department, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
2 Corresponding Author and Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Agricultural Extension and Education, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 Associate Professor,, Department of Economics, Agricultural Extension and Education, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Negative effects of climate change and efforts to reduce them have different impacts on men and women; and women, as important actors and those with significant knowledge and skills, play an important role in adapting to these changes. This study aimed at designing a model of behavior adaptation to climate changes among paddy farmer women in Mazandaran province of Iran, using a developed model of Protection Motivation Theory (PMT). For this purpose, 173 paddy farmer women in the province who cultivated rice in the 2016-2017 crop year were selected through stratified sampling with proportional assignment. A standard questionnaire was used to collect information. The results showed that threat assessment and coping assessment of paddy farmer women had positive and significant effects on their adaptation behavior to climate change; in addition, understanding problems had the greatest impact on threat assessment, and response costs had the greatest impact on their response to climate change. According to the results, it is suggested that public and private bodies related to agriculture, natural resources, climate change as well as international bodies such as the International Committee on Climate Change and the UN Convention on Climate Change be more concerned with teaching conservation and adaptive behaviors and the paddy farmer women should undoubtedly take some measures. The results of this study would help to identify the behaviors that determine women's adaptation to climate change and the strategic interventions needed for their more effective adaptation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Climate change
  • Adaptation
  • Women
  • Protection Motivation Theory (PMT)
  • agriculture
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