تأثیر تبدیل روستا به شهر بر توسعه نواحی روستایی: مطالعه موردی شهر سلطان‌آباد

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

چکیده

در دهه‌های اخیر، در اغلب کشورهای در حال توسعه، گرایش برنامه‌ریزان به تمرکززدایی فضایی، وکاهش نابرابری‌های منطقه‌ای و دوگانگی‌های شهری- روستایی به اتخاذ راهبردهای شهری متفاوت انجامیده است؛ یکی از مهم‌ترین این راهبردها تبدیل روستا به شهر و تقویت آن است. با توجه به اهمیت این موضوع، تحقیق توصیفی- تحلیلی حاضر با هدف شناسایی اثرات تبدیل روستا به شهر در توسعه نواحی روستایی شهر سلطان‌آباد در سال 1398 صورت پذیرفت. گردآوری داده‌ها، به دو روش اسنادی و پیمایشی انجام شد؛ همچنین، تحلیل داده‌ها با بهره‌گیری از نرم‌افزارهای SPSS و LISREL و آزمون‌های تی (T) تک‌نمونه‌ای و نیز تحلیل عاملی به شیوه اکتشافی و تأییدی صورت گرفت. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که از جمله اثرات تبدیل روستا به شهر سلطان‌آباد ایجاد فرصت‌های شغلی جدید، رضایت‌مندی از تبدیل روستا به شهر، کاهش انگیزه افراد برای مهاجرت به شهرهای دیگر است. بنابراین، نتایج پژوهش حاضر بر موفقیت سیاست تبدیل روستا به شهر در توسعه روستایی محدوده مورد مطالعه دلالت داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Village Conversion into City on Development of Rural Areas: A Case Study of Soltanabad City of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Ahmadi 1
  • M. Jahansoozi 2
  • N. Dehghani 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
2 PhD Student in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
3 PhD Student in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Over recent decades, in most developing countries, the tendency of planners to spatial decentralization and the reduction of regional inequalities and urban-rural dichotomies led to the adoption of different urban strategies; one of the most important strategies is to turn the village into a city and strengthen it. Due to the importance of the issue, the present descriptive-analytical research aimed at identifying the effects of village conversion into the city on the development of rural areas in Soltanabad city in Sabzevar County if Iran in 2019. The required data were collected in both documentary and survey methods. The data were analyzed by SPSS and LISREL software, using single sample T-tests and factor analysis in exploratory and confirmatory methods. The study findings showed that some of the effects of rural conversion to the city in Soltanabad included: creating new job opportunities, satisfaction with the village transformation to city and reducing the motivation of people to migrate to other cities. Therefore, the study results indicated the success of ‘rural-urban conversion’ policy in the rural development of the studied area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Converting Rural to Urban Areas
  • village-city
  • Rural development
  • Soltanabad (City)
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