بررسی رابطه ویژگی‌های روان‌شناختی و جمعیت‌شناختی با تنبلی اجتماعی جوانان روستایی در استان ایلام

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، گروه کارآفرینی و توسعه روستایی دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه کارآفرینی و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطه بین ویژگی‌های فردی و تنبلی اجتماعی جوانان روستایی استان ایلام بود، که به روش توصیفی- همبستگی انجام شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش جوانان روستایی استان ایلام (62786 نفر) بودند که از آن میان، بر اساس جدول کرجسی- مورگان، 370 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند و با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای با انتساب متناسب، مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه‌ای بود که روایی آن، با استفاده از دیدگاه سه نفر از اعضای هیئت علمی گروه کارآفرینی و توسعه روستایی دانشگاه ایلام تأیید شد؛ همچنین، پایایی پرسشنامه با محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ (آلفای تنبلی اجتماعی 862/0 و آلفای ویژگی‌های روان‌شناختی 884/0)، مناسب تشخیص داده شد. تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS-19 انجام گرفت؛ و بدین منظور، از ضریب همبستگی، رگرسیون و آزمون‌های T و F استفاده شد. بر اساس نتایج رگرسیون، متغیرهای مسئولیت‌پذیری، روان‌رنجوری و محل سکونت هفده درصد واریانس تنبلی اجتماعی را تبیین کردند. بنابراین، پیشنهاد می‌شود که در راستای افزایش سلامت روان جامعه، دانشگاه علوم پژشکی و سازمان بهزیستی استان به راه‌اندازی و افزایش درمانگاه‌های مشاوره­ای روان‌شناسی در مناطق روستایی استان ایلام بپردازند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Relationship between Psychological and Demographic Characteristics and Social Laziness of Rural Youth in Ilam Province of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • N. Poormoradi 1
  • H. Moradnezhadi 2
1 MA in Rural Development, Department of Entrepreneurshhip and Rural Development, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran.
2 Associate Professr, Department of Entrepreneurshhip and Rural Development, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at investigating the relationship between personal characteristics and social laziness of rural youth in Ilam province of Iran. The methodology of the study was descriptive-correlational and its statistical population included the rural youth of the province (62786 persons). Based on Krejcie-Morgan table, 370 people were selected and studied using proportional stratified random sampling. The required data were collected through a questionnaire, the validity of which was confirmed by the viewpoints of three faculty members of the Department of Entrepreneurship and Rural Development of Ilam University; and the reliability of the questionnaire was determined by calculating Cronbach's alpha (social laziness alpha 86 percent and psychological characteristics alpha 88 percent). The data were analyzed using SPSS-19 software. Correlation coefficient, regression and T and F tests were used for data analysis as well. According to the results of the regression, accountability, neuroticism and residence variables explained 17 percent of social laziness variance. Therefore, it is suggested that to increase the mental health of the community, the University of Medical Sciences and the Welfare Organization of Ilam province set up and increase psychological counseling clinics in the rural areas of the province.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychological characteristics
  • Neuroticism
  • responsibility
  • Social Laziness
  • Ilam
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