بررسی رابطه امنیت غذایی و فقر درآمدی در مناطق روستایی استان گیلان: مطالعه موردی شهرستان املش

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه اقتصاد و توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار بخش تحقیقات اقتصادی، اجتماعی و ترویجی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان فارس، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، شیراز، ایران.

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر به بررسی رابطه بین امنیت غذایی و فقر درآمدی در مناطق روستایی شهرستان املش از توابع استان گیلان پرداخته است. داده‌ها با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری خوشه‏ای چندمرحله‌ای تصادفی و به کمک تکمیل پرسشنامه‌های مبتنی بر استاندارد امنیت غذایی خانوار از نمونه‏ای شامل دویست خانوار روستایی به‏دست آمد. برای تعیین وضعیت امنیت غذایی خانوارها، از روش استاندارد امنیت غذایی خانوار و برای تعیین فقر ذهنی از طیف چندگزینه‌ای لیکرت و همچنین، برای تعیین فقر نسبی از مخارج سرانه خانوار استفاده شد. افزون بر این، با بهره‌گیری از مدل لاجیت چندگانه و تحلیل اثر نهایی، بررسی تأثیر فقر درآمدی بر امنیت غذایی خانوارهای روستایی صورت گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که فقر ذهنی و فقر نسبی دارای رابطه مثبت و معنی‌دار با ناامنی غذایی خانوارهای روستایی است. بررسی تحلیل اثر نهایی نشان داد که فقر ذهنی  بیشترین تأثیر را در امنیت غذایی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Relationship between Food Security and Income Poverty in Rural Areas of Guilan Province in Iran: A Case Study of Amlash County

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Bagheri 1
  • H. Hadad 2
  • A.R. Shirvanian 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics and Development, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
2 MSc. Student in Agricultural Economics and Development, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Economic, Social and Extension Research, Fars Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Shiraz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at examining the relationship between food security and income poverty in rural areas of Amlash County in Guilan province of Iran. Data were collected from 200 rural households in a multistage cluster random sampling method as well as the food security standard questionnaire completed by the households. A household food security standard method was used to determine the food security status of the households. The Likert multi-choice spectrum and household per capita expenditure were also used to determine the mental and relative poverty. In addition, using multiple Logit model and analyzing the marginal effect, the impact of income poverty on food security in the rural households was examined. The results showed that the mental and relative poverty had a positive and significant relation with the food insecurity among the rural households. The analysis of the marginal effect showed that the mental poverty had the greatest impact on the food security. So, to deal with the food insecurity at various levels in the rural community, the poverty reduction in this community should be focused due to its highest priority and effectiveness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Food security
  • rural households
  • Income Poverty
  • Mental Poverty
  • relative poverty
  • Guilan (Province)
  • Amlash (County)
  1. Ali-Hosseini, J. (2006). Related demographic and social factors affecting the food insecurity: supported household of Emam Khomeini Emdad Committee in Tehran's distict 20. Master's Theses, Faculty of Social Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran. (Persian)
  2. Araei, M.M. (2006). Pathology of poverty reduction programs in Iran. Social Welfare Quarterly, 18: 1-23. (Persian)
  3. Asgharian Dastnaei, A., Karami, E. and Keshavarz, M. (2013). Determinants of rural households' food security. Agricultural Economics, 7(1): 95-107. (Persian)
  4. Azimi, H. (1995). Undeveloped circuits in Iranian economy. Tehran, Iran: Nay. (Persian)
  5. Bani Asadi, M. and Mehrjardi, M. (2009). Investigating the effect of optimal cropping pattern on rural poverty: case sutady of Baft County. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development, 4(2), 183-209. (persian)
  6. Cheraghi, M., Ghadiri-Masoum, M. and Rezvani, M.R. (2016). The role of non-agricultural incomes in rural food security. Journal of Food Science and Nutrition, 4: 73-78. (Persian)
  7. Ebadi, F. (2009). Food security and distribution of income. Institute for Planning Research, Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Tehran, Iran. (persian)
  8. Furness, B.W., Simon, P.A., Wold, C.M. and Asarian-Anderson, J. (2004). Prevalence and predictors of food insecurity among low-income households in Los Angeles County. Public Health Nutrition, 7(6): 791-796.
  9. Geda, A., de Jong, N., Kimenyi, M.S. and Mwabu, G. (2005). Determinants of poverty in Kenya: a household level analysis. Working Paper Series. Department of Economics. University of Connecticut.
  10. Ghasemi, H. (1994). Definitions and theoretical foundations of food security. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development, 2(3). (persian)
  11. Hadley, C., Zodhiates, A. and Sellen, D.W. (2007). Acculturation, economics and food insecurity among refugees resettled in the USA: a case study of West African refugees. Public Health Nutr., 10(4): 405-412.
  12. Hakim, S., Dorosti-Motlagh, A.R. and Eshraghian, M.R. (2010). Association of food insecurity and household socio-economic status with the body mass index among urban women in Dezfoul. Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, 8(2): 55-66. (Persian)
  13. Jafari Sani, M. and Bakhshoodeh, M. (2008). Study of spatial distribution of poverty and food insecurity of urban and rural households in provinces of Iran. Agricultural Economics and Development, 61: 103-123. (Persian)
  14. Karam-Soltani, Z., Dorosti-Motlagh, A.R., Eshraghian, M.R. Siassi, and Jazayeri (2007). Obesity and food security in Yazd primary school students. Tehran University Medical Journal, 55(7): 68-76. (Persian)
  15. Mirzaei, H. and Sohrabi, R. (2016). Determining the poverty line of urban households in East Azerbaijan province by using linear expenditure system. Journal of Urban Economics and Management, 4(13): 65-82. (Persian)
  16. Mohammadi, H., Dogani, and Eidizadeh, (2016). Application of logit model in investigating effective factors on knowledge and consumption of organic food products. Quarterly Journal of New Food Technology, 3(10): 89-99. (Persian)
  17. Mohammadzadeh, A., Dorosti-Motlagh, A.R. and Eshraghian, M.R. (2010). The association of food security with socio-economic factors and weight status among adolescents. Iranian J. Nutr. Sci. Food Tech., 5(1). (Persian)
  18. Najafi, G. (1996). Poverty, food security and rural communities. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development (Special Letter): 187-214. (persian)
  19. Okurut, F.N., Odwee, J.A.O. and Adebua, A. (2002). Determinants of regional poverty in Uganda. African Economic Research Consortium, Nairobi, Kenya.
  20. Piaseu, N. and Mitchell, P. (2004). Household food insecurity among urban poor in Thailand. J. Nurs. Schlarsh, 36(2): 115-121.
  21. Ramesh, T. (2009). The prevalence of food insecurity and some associated factors among households of Shiraz County in 2009. Shahid Beheshti University, M.C., Tehran, Iran. (Persian)
  22. Rose, D. (1999). Economic determinants and dietary consequences of food insecurity in the United States. J. Nutr., 129: 517S-520S. .
  23. Safarpour, M., Dorosti-Motlagh, A.R., Hosseini, S.M. and Ranjbar Noshari, F. (2014). Prevalence and consequences of food insecurity and its relation with some socio-economic factors. Journal of Knowledge and Health, 8(4): 193-198. (Persian)
  24. Salehi, M. (2007). A new look at food and nutrition. Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Shiraz, Iran. (Persian)
  25. Sharafkhani, R., Dastgiri, S., Gharaaghaji Asl, R. and Ghavamzadeh, S. (2011). Prevalence of the household food insecurity and its influencing factors: a cross-sectional study (Khoy County-Qaresoo, 2009). The Journal of Urmia University Medical Sciences, 22(2): 119-122. (Persian)
  26. Shariff, Z.M. and Lin, K.G. (2004). Indicators and nutritional outcomes of household food insecurity among a sample of rural Malaysian women. . Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 3(1): 50-55.
  27. Shirvanian, A.B. and Soufi, M. (2015). A review on poverty of nomad households in drought period and identification of its determinants in Fars province of Iran. Journal of Village and Development, 17(4): 93-110. (Persian)
  28. Smith, L.C., Amani, E.E. and Helen, H.J. (1999). The geography and causes of food insecurity in developing countries. Agricultural Economics, 22(2): 199-215.
  29. Vahabi, M., Damba, C., Rocha, C. and Montoya, E.C. (2011). Food insecurity among Latin American recent immigrants in Toronto. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 13(5): 10. DOI: 10.1007/s10903-010-9384-y.
  30. World Bank (1986). Poverty and hunger: issues and options for food security in developing countries. Washington DC; World Bank.
  31. Yousefi, A., Asadi-Khoob, H. and Afshari, M. (2013). The measurement of multidimensional poverty in Iran nomads. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development, 7(2): 47-67. (Persian)
  32. Zaman, K. and Aktia, T. (2012). Spatial dimensions of income inequality and poverty in Bangladesh: an analysis of the 2005 and 2010 household income and expenditure survey data. Bangladesh Development Studies, 3(32): 19-51.