تحلیل چالش‌ها و راهبردهای بهبود امنیت غذایی در خانوارهای روستایی ایران با تحلیل سلسله مراتبی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران.

چکیده

دسترسی به غذای کافی و مطلوب و سلامت تغذیه‌ای همواره از محورهای اصلی توسعه به شمار می‏رود. در دهه های اخیر، با برجسته شدن مفهوم توسعه انسانی، مسئله تغذیه ابعاد تازه ای به خود گرفته است. با گسترش روزافزون جمعیت و نیاز بیشتر جوامع انسانی برای تامین غذا، متخصصان و دانشمندان به ارائه راهکارهای متفاوت برای حل این مشکل پرداخته اند. در این راستا، پژوهش حاضر از فرآیند سلسله مراتبی برای اولویت بندی گزیدارها و معیارهای بهبود امنیت غذایی در میان خانوارهای روستایی ایران بهره گرفت. بدین منظور، نخست، با توجه به معیارها و نیز گزیدارهای شناسایی شده، داده های مورد نیاز از طریق بیست پرسشنامه از سوی نمونه ای برگزیده از اعضای هیئت علمی صاحب‌نظر در مسائل معیشت و امنیت غذایی بر مبنای مقایسه های زوجی گردآوری و تحلیل شد. نتایج حاکی از آن بود که ضعف نظام حمایت از بخش کشاورزی مهم‏ترین چالش امنیت غذایی در میان جوامع روستایی است و پس از آن، چالش‌های افزایش قیمت مواد غذایی، تغییرات اقلیمی و زیست محیطی، توسعه نیافتگی جوامع روستایی، و... قرار دارند. همچنین، بر پایه نتایج گزینه‌ها یا راهبردهای امنیت غذایی بر اساس همه معیارها، از میان گزینه های مطرح شده، «متنوع سازی معیشت» بالاترین رتبه را به خود اختصاص داد و مهم‏ترین راهبرد بهبود امنیت غذایی در جوامع روستایی کشور شناخته شد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Challenges and Strategies for Improving the Food Security in Iranian Rural Households Using Hierarchical Analysis

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Savari 1
  • M. Ghanian 2
1 Assistant Professors, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran
2 Associate Professors, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Access to adequate and favorable food and optimal nutritional health is one of the main axes of development. Over recent decades, the issue of nutrition has taken new dimension while the concept of human development has been highlighted. The increasing population and the need for further expansion of communities due to human food supply caused experts and scientists to adopt different solutions for this problem. This research applied a hierarchical process to prioritize options and criteria for improving the food security among rural households in Iran. For this purpose, first, according to the identified criteria and options, the required data were collected from 20 selected samples of the faculty members who were experts in the issues related to the livelihoods and food security, based on paired comparisons of data, through a questionnaire; and then, the data were analyzed. The results showed that the weakness of support system for the agricultural sector was the main challenge of food security among the rural communities, followed by the challenges of rising food prices, climatic and environmental changes, underdevelopment of the rural communities, etc.; in addition, the livelihood diversification was found to be the main strategy for food security among the rural communities, followed by some other strategies including the improvement of manufacturing and compilation patterns, improving supply chain and food value, increasing financial and physical efficiency in production patterns, better farm management and adaptation to climate change, empowerment of rural communities, empowerment of rural communities, sustainability, etc.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Food security
  • Food health
  • Rural development
  • Hierarchical Analysis
  • Rural communities
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