بررسی آثار بوم‏گردی کشاورزی بر توسعه اقتصادی، اجتماعی و زیست محیطی در مناطق روستایی سیستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج

2 دانشجوی دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج

3 دانش آموختة کارشناسی ارشد ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج

چکیده

بوم‏گردی کشاورزی سفری مسئولانه به نواحی طبیعی و کشاورزی، حفاظت از آن و بهبود بخشیدن به زندگی مردم منطقه است؛ و توجه به ظرفیت­های طبیعی و فرهنگی موجود در روستاها نقش مهمی در تجدید حیات روستاها، ایجاد اشتغال و درآمد برای روستاییان، حفاظت از میراث طبیعی، تاریخی و فرهنگی و در نهایت، توسعه یکپارچه و پایدار روستایی دارد. تحقیق حاضر، با هدف بررسی آثار بوم‏گردی کشاورزی بر توسعه اقتصادی، اجتماعی و زیست­محیطی در مناطق روستایی سیستان، از نوع تحقیقات توصیفی بود و داده­های پژوهش به‏صورت پیمایشی و با استفاده از پرسشنامه و مصاحبه گردآوری شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق تمامی خانوارهای ساکن و کارشناسان مربوط در مکان‌های دارای ظرفیت بوم‏گردی در منطقه سیستان بودند، که پرسشنامه­ها با استفاده از روش نمونه‏گیری نظام‏مند بین آنها توزیع شد. روایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از نظرات متخصصان بررسی و پایایی مربوط به ابزار سنجش با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ در محدودة 742/0 تا 953/0 محاسبه شد. نتایج نشان داد که بوم‏گردی کشاورزی باعث بهبود شاخص­های توسعه اجتماعی، اقتصادی و زیست­محیطی در منطقه می‏شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of Agricultural Ecotourism Impacts on Economic, Social and Environmental Development in Rural Areas of Sistan in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Karami 1
  • N. Barani 2
  • A. Eskandari 3
1 Corresponding Author and Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran
2 PhD Student in Agricultural Development, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran
3 MSc. Graduate in Agricultural Extension and Education, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran
چکیده [English]

Agricultural ecotourism tends to be a responsibility-based journey to natural and agricultural areas, their protect and the improvement of the lives of local people; in addition, paying attention to the natural and cultural capacities of villages plays an important role in revival of villages as well as creating employment and income for the rural people, protecting natural, historical and cultural heritage and ultimately, realizing an integrated and sustainable rural development. This study aimed at investigating the effects of agricultural ecotourism on economic, social and environmental development in rural areas of Sistan in Iran. It was a descriptive research, the data of which were surveyed through questionnaires and interviews. The statistical population included all the households and related experts in places with ecotourism capacity in the region, by distributing the questionnaires in a systematic sampling method. Validity of the questionnaire was calculated using experts' opinions and reliability of the instrument was calculated using Cronbach's alpha within the range of 0.742-0.953. The study results showed that the agricultural ecotourism improved the social, economic and environmental indicators as well as the quality of life in the region.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Agricultural Ecotourism
  • Economic Development
  • Social Development
  • environmental development
  • Rural Areas
  • Sistan (Region in Iran)
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