عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار دفع نهایی پسماندهای خانگی توسط زنان روستایی در شهرستان قزوین

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

2 دانشیار ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعة روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق توصیفی پیمایشی حاضر با هدف بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار دفع نهایی پسماندهای خانگی زنان روستایی صورت گرفت. جامعه آماری تحقیق کلیه خانوارهای روستایی شهرستان قزوین بودند (31338=n)، که با استفاده از رابطة کوکران، حجم نمونه 247 نفر محاسبه و از طریق روش نمونه‌گیری چندمرحله‏ای تصادفی انتخاب شد. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه محقق‏ساخته بود که روایی آن از طریق نظرسنجی از صاحب‌نظران در این زمینه تأیید شد. پایایی ابزار تحقیق نیز از طریق مطالعه مقدماتی روی 25 آزمودنی و محاسبه آلفای کرونباخ بزرگ‏تر از 7/0 برای بخش‌های مختلف تأیید شد. نتایج نشان داد که زنان روستایی برای دفع انواع پسماندهای خانگی از ده رفتار دفع متفاوت استفاده می‌کنند. همچنین، نتایج آزمون‌ کروسکال والیس نشان داد که به‌طور کلی، متغیرهای دانش، مشارکت اجتماعی، مسئولیت‌پذیری زیست‏محیطی، اعتماد اجتماعی، منزلت اجتماعی، انسجام اجتماعی، میزان رضایت‌مندی، سن، درآمد و سطح تحصیلات بر رفتارهای دفع پسماندهای خانگی مؤثرند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting the Final Domestic Waste Disposal Behavior of Rural Women in Qazvin County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • P. Safari Alamouti 1
  • A. Shams 2
1 PhD Student in Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan
چکیده [English]

This descriptive survey study aimed at investigating the final domestic waste disposal behaviors of rural women as well as the factors affecting their behaviors. The statistical population included all the rural households in Qazvin County of Iran (n=31338) and 247 of them were selected as the sample, based on Cochran sampling formula in a multi-stage random sampling method. The research tool was a questionnaire, the validity of which was confirmed by the concerned experts. A pilot test was conducted to determine the reliability of the questionnaire. Calculated Cronbach's alpha was higher than 0.7 for different parts. The study results showed that the rural women had 10 different waste disposal behaviors. Also, Kruskal-Wallis test revealed that knowledge, social participation, environmental responsibility, social trust, social status, social cohesion, satisfaction, age, income, and education levels affected the final domestic waste disposal behaviors of the rural women.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Disposal Behavior
  • Waste
  • Rural Women
  • Environment
  • Qazvin (County)
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