نقش طراحی کالبدی در احساس امنیت روستاییان: مطالعه موردی روستاهای شهرستان بوئین زهرا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی روستایی، دانشکده جغرافیا، دانشگاه تهران

2 ‌دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

احساس امنیت در فضاهای شهری و روستایی از مهم­ترین شاخص‌های کیفیت فضا محسوب می‌شود. در تأمین امنیت، به­دلیل تفاوت مکان‏ها از نظر جرم­خیزی، نباید از نقش و تأثیر عوامل محیطی غافل شد. بر این اساس، لزوم توجه به ارتباط بین آسیب­پذیری افراد در فضاهای روستایی و طراحی محیط زندگی بیش­از­پیش آشکار می‌شود. تحقیق حاضر با هدف تحلیلی بر نقش طراحی کالبدی در احساس امنیت روستاییان انجام شد. روش تحقیق پیمایشی بود و داده‌های مورد نیاز از 225 نفر در بیست روستای شهرستان بوئین­زهرا از طریق پرسشنامه گردآوری شد. تحلیل اطلاعات از طریق آمارهای توصیفی (میانگین، فراوانی) و آمار استنباطی (ضریب همبستگی، آزمون تی (t) تک‏نمونه‏ای، آزمون تحلیل واریانس، فریدمن) صورت گرفت. نتایج آزمون تی نشان داد که امنیت ناموسی و جانی در حد متوسط است و امنیت مالی و اجتماعی در حد مطلوب نیست. همچنین، نتایج تحلیل همبستگی نشان داد که بین احساس امنیت و متغیرهای «کیفیت فضاهای قابل دفاع»، «روشنایی فضاهای عمومی»، «کیفیت معابر روستایی و «مبلمان روستایی» همبستگی معکوس وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Role of Physical Factors in Rural People’s Feeling of Security: A Case Study of Villages of Buin-Zahra County in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Darban Astaneh 1
  • S. Haji Hosseini 2
1 Assistant Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Student in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Feeling of security in rural and urban areas is one of the most important indicators of quality space. Due to the difference of places in terms of crime, one must never neglect the role and influence of environmental factors. This study aimed at investigating the role of physical design in rural people's feeling of security. The research method was a descriptive-analytical one and the required data were collected through questionnaires, interviews and observations and documents. The statistical population included the rural people of Buin-Zahra County of Iran; and among them, 225 people were selected in a random sampling method. For data analysis, both descriptive statistics (mean, frequency) and inferential statistics (correlation coefficient, one-sample t-test, ANOVA) were used. Results of the t-test showed that honor security and criminal security were moderate and the financial and social security was found to be undesirable. Results of the correlation analysis indicated negative correlations between the feeling of security and the variables including quality of defensible spaces, brightness, quality of rural streets and rural furniture.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Felling of security
  • physical design
  • Buin Zahra County
  • CTEPD (County)
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