بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر گرایش روستاییان به مهاجرت شهری: مطالعة موردی بخش روستایی گاریزات استان یزد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد جمعیت‏شناسی دانشگاه یزد

2 دانشیار جامعه‏شناسی دانشگاه یزد

چکیده

تمرکز بر نواحی روستایی به عنوان بخش بزرگی از نظام اجتماعی و جمعیتی که در خود ذخایر ارزشمندی از جمله آداب و رسوم اجتماعی و منابع طبیعی را نهفته دارد، به عنوان زیربنای توسعة کشور ضروری است. مطالعة حاضر به سنجش میزان گرایش ساکنان بخش روستایی گاریزات استان یزد به مهاجرت به شهر و بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر آن می‌پردازد. روش تحقیق پیمایش بوده و نمونه آماری متشکل از 343 نفر از ساکنان 55-15 سالة­ این بخش روستایی است که به روش نمونه‌گیری چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده‎‏ها از پرسشنامه استفاده شد. همچنین، عوامل مؤثر بر گرایش روستاییان به مهاجرت شهری در چهار عامل جمعیتی، اقتصادی، اجتماعی و دافعة روستا دسته‌بندی شد. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه نشان داد که متغیرهای نا‌امیدی از روستا، دافعة اقتصادی روستا، چشم و همچشمی، سن، و تحصیلات مادر به‏ترتیب بیشترین اثرگذاری را بر گرایش به مهاجرت شهری دارند؛ همچنین، عوامل اجتماعی و روانی نسبت به عوامل اقتصادی در گرایش به اتخاذ تصمیم مهاجرت نقشی تعیین­کننده­تر دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Factors Affecting the Rural People’s Tendency to Urban Migration: A Case Study of Garizat Rural District in Yazd Province of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali SHARIFI 1
  • Akbar ZARE SHAHABADI 2
1 MSc Graduate in Demography, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran.
2 Associate Professor of Sociology, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at evaluating the tendency to migrate to the city and investigating its effective factors in residents of Garizat rural district in Yazd province of Iran. It was conducted in a survey method and the statistical sample consisted of 343 residents aged 15-55 years old in this rural district selected by multi-stage sampling. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The factors affecting the rural people’s tendency to urban migration were classified in four factors including population, economic, social and repulsion of the village. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that disappointment of villages, rural economic repulsion, eye and mind, age, and mother education variables had the most effect on the tendency to migrate to the city, respectively. The study results showed that social and psychological factors played a more decisive role in the tendency to make immigration decisions than economic factors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Village
  • Tendency to Migrate
  • Rural Repulsion
  • Garizat (Rural District)
  • Yazd (Province)
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