بررسی اثرگذاری میزان مشارکت روستاییان بر موفقیت در اجرای طرح هادی روستایی: مطالعة موردی شهرستان دشتستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 دانش‎‏آموختة کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی رابطه مشارکت روستاییان در فرایند تهیه طرح‌های هادی و موفقیت در اجرای این طرح‌ها در نقاط روستایی شهرستان دشتستان انجام شد و از حیث هدف «کاربردی» و به لحاظ روش و ماهیت «توصیفی- تحلیلی» است. برای جمع‌آوری اطلاعات، از روش‌های‌ اسنادی و میدانی استفاده شد. بر اساس مطالعات اکتشافی از کارشناسان بنیاد مسکن شهرستان دشتستان، دوازده سکونتگاه روستایی با 5582 خانوار که مشارکت بیشتری در اجرای طرح هادی روستا داشتند، به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند و از آن میان، به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی با توجه به رابطه کوکران، 257 خانوار به‌عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. همچنین، 28 نفر از مسئولان روستایی (دهیار و اعضای شورای اسلامی) نیز مورد پرسش قرار گرفتند تا نتایج قابل مقایسه باشد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که بر اساس آزمون t ‌تک‏نمونه‌ای، میزان مشارکت روستاییان در تهیه و تصویب و اجرای طرح در حد متوسط است. همچنین، متغیر میزان موفقیت در روند اجرای طرح در چند بعد بررسی شد، که میزان موفقیت در بعد مسکن با میانگین 33/3 بیش از سایر ابعاد بود و به‌طورکلی، در بین روستاهای مورد مطالعه، روستاهای چهار برج و طلحه، به‏ترتیب، بیشترین و کمترین میانگین را در این زمینه داشتند. همچنین، با توجه به نتایج آزمون‌های همبستگی و رگرسیون گام‌به‌گام، تأثیر میزان مشارکت روستاییان بر میزان موفقیت در روند اجرای طرح هادی پذیرفته‌شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Rural People’s Participation Level on Successful Implementation of Rural Guidance [Hadi] Plan: A Case Study of Dashtestan County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Aliakbar ANABESTANI 1
  • Mahdi JAVANSHIRI 2
  • Seyyedeh Mahdiyeh MOUSAVI 3
1 Associate Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2 PhD in Geography and Rural Planning, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
3 MSc. in Geography and Rural Planning, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at investigating the factors affecting the participation of rural people in the preparation process of Rural Guidance [Hadi] Plan in rural settlements. It was an applied research conducted in a descriptive-analytical method.Library-survey research and field works were used for data collection. The population included 12 rural settlements in Dashtestan County of Iran, in which the participation of the rural prople in the implementation process of  the plan had been remarkably significant. In the villages, based on Cochran formula, the sample size of the households interviewed included 257 households of which 136 households had participated in the plan. In addition, 28 people from the rural authorities (including rural administrators known as Dehyar and members of the Islamic Council) were also interviewed so that we could compare the results. Research results showed that based on single sample t-test, the participation level of the rural people in the preparation, adoption and implementation of the plan was moderate; in variable of ‘success in implementation process’, the housing dimension with the mean of 3.33 was more successful and generally, among the studied villages, Chahar Borj and Talheh villages respectively had the lowest and highest means in this variable. Besides, the results of correlation and stepwise regression showed that the effects of the rural people’s participation level on the success of the Rural Guidance Plan were significant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Success of Rural Guidance [Hadi] Plan
  • Housing Dimension
  • Rural Road Network
  • land use
  • Environmental Dimension
  • Dashtestan (County)

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