عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
An examination of the history of nomad settlement indicated that in the past decades the nomad settlement policy inspired by different views such as social change, modernization, basic needs approach, and sustainable development. This issue would lead to the formation of numerous nomad settlement centers. One thing which needs our attention is that how much these formed centers have led to the improvement in the socio economic life of nomads in comparison to the time of migration. To this end, the nomad settlement centers were selected as sample and a questionnaire was used to assess the opinion of the settled people about their socioeconomic situation in these centers, some of which were formed spontaneously and some by government. The results indicated that these were not very successful socially and particularly their economic situations have worsened such that they lost their sustainable employment and have become dependent upon unsustainable employment. A comparison of government formed and spontaneously formed centers indicated that the socioeconomic situation is better in the former. On this basis, the sustainability of these centers calls for efficient planning and removal of the challenges.