Determination of Factors Affecting the Prevalence of Undernourishment in Rural Areas of Iran

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD Student inAgricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

5 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Allame Tabatabaei, Tehran, Iran.


Lack of access to adequate energy and the prevalence of undernourishment are of the most important issues in the developing world due to their impacts on public health and individual’s physical and mental abilities in society. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the impacts of drought, food production diversity and different household characteristics on the prevalence of undernourishment in rural areas of Iran. For this purpose, panel quantile regression was considered as the best technique to estimate the impacts of social and economic indicators on the prevalence of undernourishment during the period of 2012-2016. The main results indicated that among the household characteristics, increase in household income, share of food in household expenditure and age of household head and among the environmental indicators, increase in food production diversity would prevent the prevalence of undernourishment in studied rural households; on the other hand, increase in household size, education expenditure, drought severity, and food price indexes would increase the prevalence of undernourishment. Based on these results, non-agricultural income tax exemptions in the rural areas and redistribution of current subsidies by focusing on highly malnourished areas as well as focusing on large rural households, providing policies that reduce the impacts of drought on food production and ultimately, promoting the strategies that allow for increased diversification of food production at the household level could be suggested to prevent further malnutrition in the rural areas.


Main Subjects

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