تأثیر توسعة گردشگری روستایی بر مؤلفه‏های فرهنگی ساکنان روستایی: مطالعة موردی شهرستان جیرفت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکدة ادبیات و علوم انسانی دانشگاه جیرفت

2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشکدة کشاورزی دانشگاه جیرفت

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر توسعة گردشگری روستایی بر ویژگی­های گوناگون فرهنگی ساکنان روستایی شهرستان جیرفت بود. برای تحلیل اطلاعات، از آماره تی و مدل تصمیم­گیری چندمعیاره تاپسیس استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که اثرگذاری گردشگری روستایی بر شش مؤلفة سبک پوشاک، مصرف مواد غذایی، گسترش مصرف‏گرایی، ارتباطات خانوادگی، زبان و گویش بومی، و مشارکت و احساس امنیت در روستاهای هدف گردشگری شهرستان جیرفت در سطح اطمینان 95 معنی‏دار است؛ با این همه، بیشترین اثر فرهنگی گردشگری بر دو مؤلفة گسترش مصرف‏گرایی و سبک پوشاک روستاییان بود. همچنین، نتایج نشان داد که سه روستای شاخص گردشگری در این شهرستان شامل ساردوئیه، دلفارد و دومار بیش از سایر روستاها در معرض تهدیدهای فرهنگی ناشی از گردشگری روستایی قرار دارند. بنابراین، توسعة گردشگری نه‏تنها به تداوم فرهنگ محلی در روستاهای شهرستان جیرفت کمک نکرده، بلکه آن را با تهدیداتی نیز مواجه ساخته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Impact of Rural Tourism Development on Cultural Components of Rural Residents: A Case Study of Jiroft County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amin Dehghani 1
  • Mohsen ADELI SARDOUEI 2
1 Faculty Member of Department of Agriculture, University of Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran
2 Faculty Member of Department of Agriculture, University of Jiroft, Jiroft, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at investigating the effects of rural tourism development on different cultural aspects in the host society. Data analysis was conducted through a TOPSIS Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) model. The results indicated that in the scope under study, tourism was effective in appearance of cultural changes. In addition, there was a significant correlation between tourism development and cultural changes in the studied villages. Furthermore, most effects could be observed in fashion, food consumption, expansion of consumerism, family relations, native language and accent, participation and security feelings. Therefore, it might be claimed that tourism development not only had no contribution to the survival of local culture in these fields, but also jeopardized them with different threats in the studied villages.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Tourism Development
  • Rural tourism
  • culture
  • Village
  • Jiroft (County)
  • Iran
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