عوامل مؤثر بر رضایت‏مندی دانشجویان روستایی از زندگی در روستا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان

2 دانشجوی دکتری ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان

3 دانشجوی دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، گروه ترویج و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

هدف اصلی مطالعة حاضر شناخت بهتر متغیرها و عواملی است که بر ارزش و رضایت‏مندی دانشجویان روستایی از زندگی در روستا تأثیر می‌گذارند. جامعه آماری پژوهش دانشجویان روستایی مقطع کارشناسی دانشگاه رامین خوزستان (420=N) بودند که تعداد 200 نفر از آنها به روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه­بندی تصادفی ساده و بر اساس جدول کرجسی و مورگان گزینش شدند. ابزار جمع­آوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه‌ای محقق‏ساخته بود که روایی آن توسط پانلی از اعضای هیئت علمی دانشگاه کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی رامین خوزستان تأیید شد. پایایی پرسشنامه نیز با استفاده از آزمون آلفای کرونباخ (90/62-0/0) مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. نتایج رگرسیون نشان داد که متغیرهای هنجار اخلاقی، تصویر روستا، کیفیت درک‏شده، رضایت از زندگی به‏طور کلی، تعهد و هویت مکانی تأثیر مثبت بر ارزش درک‏شده دارند؛ و همچنین، دو متغیر هنجار اخلاقی و ارزش درک‏شده تأثیر مثبت و معنی­دار بر رضایت از محل سکونت دارند و قادرند 61 درصد از تغییرات رضایت از محل سکونت را تبیین کنند. از نتایج تحقیق حاضر می­توان برای کمک به برنامه­ریزان توسعة روستایی در راستای جلوگیری از کاهش جمعیت روستایی و مهاجرت به شهرها استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting the Rural Students’ Satisfaction of Life in Rural Areas of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Yazdanpanah 1
  • Tahereh ZOBEIDI 2
  • Maryam TAJERI MOGHADDAM 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Khuzestan Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University, Ahwaz, Iran
2 PhD Student in Agricultural Extension and Education, Department of Agricultural Extension, Communication and Rural Development, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
3 PhD Student in Agricultural Development, Department of Extension and Rural Development, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this study was to gain an improved understanding of the variables and factors influencing or helping the explanation of rural students’ satisfaction of life in rural areas.  Statistical population included 420 rural graduate students of the Khouzestan Ramin Agriculture and Natural Resources University. The study sample consisted of 200 individuals who were selected through simple random stratified sampling method and Krejcie and Morgan tables. The data collection tool was a questionnaire, the face validity of which was confirmed by a panel of experts. The reliability of the questionnaire was also approved by Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α= 0.62-0.90). The results showed that the variables of moral norms, image of rural areas, perceived quality, and life satisfaction in whole, commitment and place identity had positive impacts on perceived value; also, moral norms and perceived value had a significantly positive impact on residential satisfaction and these two variables could predict 59 percent of variations in residential or community satisfaction. The results of this research can help rural development planners in preventing the rural depopulation and migration to urban areas.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rural Students
  • Residential Satisfaction
  • Community Satisfaction
  • Intention to Stay

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