سنجش ناامنی غذایی خانوارهای روستایی و عوامل مؤثر بر آن در استان خوزستان: مطالعة موردی دهستان بستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

2 دانش‏آموختة کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

3 دانشجوی دکتری توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف کلی بررسی وضعیت ناامنی غذایی و عوامل مؤثر بر آن در جامعة روستایی دهستان بستان در استان خوزستان انجام شد. روش تحقیق پیمایشی بود و از پرسشنامه استاندارد مقیاس ناامنی غذایی خانوار (HFIAS) استفاده شد. همچنین، با استفاده از روش کوکران، 101 نفر سرپرست خانوار روستایی به روش تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند و میزان پایایی پژوهش با کمک آلفای کرونباخ 78/0 به‏دست آمد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که فقط 73/26 درصد از خانوارهای روستایی بررسی‌شده در امنیت کامل غذایی هستند و 27/73 درصد از آنها در درجات مختلف ناامنی­غذایی به‏سر می­برند. نتایج تحلیل همبستگی نیز نشان داد که وضعیت ­اقتصادی، سرمایة اجتماعی (حمایت، اعتماد)، و دانش تغذیه­ای با ناامنی غذایی خانوار رابطة معنی­دار دارند. همچنین، بر پایة نتایج تحلیل مسیر، تأثیرگذارترین متغیر بر ناامنی غذایی خانوارهای روستایی مورد مطالعه دانش تغذیه­ای است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Survey on Food Insecurity of Rural Households and Factors Affecting It in Khuzestan Province of Iran: A Case Study of Bostan Sub-district

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mousa AAZAMI 1
  • Nahid HASHEMI AMIN 2
  • Homa SOROUSH MEHR 3
1 Associate Professor of Agricultural Extension and Education, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
2 Master of Rural Development, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
3 PhD Student in Agricultural Development, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at analyzing the food insecurity in rural region of Bostan sub-district in Khuzestan province of Iran and the factors affecting it. Survey methods with standard HFIAS questionnaire of insecurity were used. Using Cronbach’s alpha formula, the reliability of questionnaire was assessed (α=0.87). Results showed full food secure of only 26.73 percent of whole family in the studied region; thus, 73.27 percent lived with different food insecurity. Correlation analysis showed a significantly positive relation of economic situation, social capital (trust   and support) and nutritional knowledge with food insecurity of the households. Results from path analysis showed nutritional knowledge as the most effective variable in the rural households' food insecurity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Food Security
  • food insecurity
  • Social Capital
  • Households
  • Bostan (Sub-district)
  • Khuzestan (Province)
  • Iran
  1. Abebaw, D., Yibeltal, F. and Belay, K. (2010). The impact of a food consumption in northwestern Ethiopia: A matching estimator approach. Food Policy, 35: 256-293.
  2. Babatunde, R. O. & Qaim, M. (2010). Impact of off-farm income on food security and nutrition in Nigeria. Food policy, 35(4): 303-311.‏
  3. Bakhshi, M, R., Samadi, M. and Brothers Nasiri, M. (2008). Benchmarking of Islamic Republic of Iran's position among South-Western Asian countries in food security and vulnerability indicators. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development, 16 (63):21-50. (Persian)
  4. Browne, J., Laurence, S. & Thorpe, S. (2009). Acting on food insecurity in urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.  Policy  and  Practice  Interventions  to  Improve  Local  Access  and  Supply  of Nutritious Food, 2000-2010.
  5. Burchi F. (2006). Identifying the role of education in socio-economic development international conference on human and economic resources. Izmir, 193-206.
  6. Coates, J., Swindale, A., & Bilinsky, P. (2007). Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) for measurement of food access: indicator guide.Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project, Academy for Educational Development.‏
  7. Dastgiri, S., Mahbob, S., Tutunchi, H., and Ostadrahimi, A. (2007). Determinants of Food Insecurity: A Cross – Sectional Study in Tabriz. Journal Ardabil Univ Med Sci. 2006; 6 (3):233-239. (Persian)
  8. Duut, N. N. (2005). Gender differentials in land ownership and their impact on household food security: A comparative study of the Northern and Brong Ahafo regions of Ghana. Master thesis, Technisch University.
  9. Fatemi, A. (2016). The fitting of the structural equation model with the help of the LISREL software. First Printing, Tehran: Terme Publishing. (Persian)
  10.  Food and Agriculture Organization. (2012). the state of food insecurity   in the world, FAO.
  11.  Food and Agriculture Organization.2014. "Household food security and community nutrition" [on line]. http://www.fao.org/ag/agn/nutrition/household_en.stm.
  12.  Gangadharappa, H., Pramod, K., & Shiva, K. H. (2007). Gastric floating drug delivery systems: a review. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 41(4), 295-305.‏
  13.  Germov, J and Williams, L. (2004). A Sociology of Food & Nutrition: The Social Appetite, Oxford University Press.
  14.  GolShokoh, F. (2017). Analysis of the pathway of disturbances of physical disorder mental health. Journal of Social Psychology, 2 (40): 59-74. (Persian)
  15.  Hazarjaribi, J., Alizadeh Aghdam, F., Alizadeh Aghdam, M H. (2013). Assessing the level of food insecurity and the factors affecting it (A study on Tabriz citizens over 15 years of age). Master's thesis, Faculty of Social Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University. (Persian)
  16.  Hooper, D., Coughlan, J. and Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structural Equation Modeling: Guidelines for Determining Model Fit, the electronic journal of business Research Methods, 6(1): 53-60.
  17.  Hu, L. T., and Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff Criteria for Fit Indexes in Covariance Structure Analysis: Conventional Criteria versus New Alternatives, Structural Equation Modeling. 6(1):1-55.
  18.  Kalantari, kh. (2013). Processing and analysis of data on socio-economic research. Fifth Edition, Tehran: Saba culture. (Persian)
  19.  Kalantari, kh. (2014). Modeling of structural equations in socio-economic research. Second Edition, Tehran: Saba culture. (Persian)
  20.  Kawachi, I. (1999). Social capital and community effects on population and individual health. Annals of New York Academy of Science, 896, 120–130.
  21.  Kimiagar, M., Bajen, M. and Samimi, B. (2006).  Study of the status of agricultural products supply and its impact on food consumption patterns in Iran. Journal Agricultural Economics and Development, 12 (48): 167-182. (Persian)
  22.  Kohi, K. (2015). Food insecurity and social capital. Journal of Bioethics: 4 (11): 161-192. (Persian)
  23.  Mansourfar, K. (2013). Advanced statistical methods along with computer programs. Fourth Printing, Tehran: Tehran University. (Persian)
  24.  Maplecroft. (2013). Food Security Index and interactive global map.[on line]. www.maplecroft.com/about/news/Food_Security_Pressrelease.pdf.
  25.  Martin, K. S., Rogers, B. L., Cook, J. T. & Joseph, H. M. (2004). Social capital is associated with decreased risk of hunger. Social Science & Medicine, 58(12): 2645-2654.‏
  26.  Milani-Bonab, A., Mozaffari-Khosravi, H. and Omidvar H. (2012). Assessment of content validity and internal consistency and reliability of direct experience-based elderly food insecurity measurement tool for Iranian Elders. Journal Toluwa Health, 11(2): 57-74. (Persian)
  27.  Naderi Mahdei, K. and Jalilian, S. (2016). Analysis of food insecurity and some factors affecting to rural women heads of household in Islamabad Qarb County. Journal of Research & Rural Planning, 5(2): 29-45. (Persian)
  28.  Nagata, J. M., Magerenge, R.  O., Young, S.  L., Oguta, J.  O., Weiser, S.  D. & Cohen, C.  R. (2012). Social determinants, lived experiences, and consequences of household food insecurity among persons living with HIV/AIDS on the shore of Lake Victoria, Kenya. AIDS Care, 24(6): 728-736.
  29.  Najibi, N., Dorosty Motlagh, A R., Sadrzadeh Yeganeh, H., Eshraghian, M R., Daneshi, M. and Azizi, S. (2013). Food insecurity status and some associated socioeconomic factors among newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes in Shiraz. Journal of Arak University of Medical Sciences, 16 (1):98-106. (Persian)
  30.  Navabakhsh, M. and Mathnna, A. (2102). Sociological study of nutrition developments in contemporary communities. Journal of Food and Nutrition, 9 (1): 33-48. (Persian)
  31.  Nord, M., Andrews, M. & Carlson, S. (2005). Household food security in the United States, 2004. USDA-ERS Economic Research Report, (11).‏
  32.  Omotesho, O. A., Adewumi, M. O., Muhammad-Lawal, A. & Ayinde, O. E. (2006). Determinants of food security among the rural farming households in Kwara State, Nigeria. African Journal of General Agriculture, 2(1): 1-9.
  33.  Ostadrahimi, A., Mahbob, S., Tutunchi, H., Dastgiry, S. and Dadgar, L. (2007). The prevalence and extent Food insecurity two aspects of the apparent hunger and hidden hunger in the Asadabad area of Tabriz. Journal of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, 8(1): 75-81. (Persian)
  34.  Owotoki, G. M. (2005). Gender differences in households resource allocation and its impact on food security: a case study of Kwara State, Nigeria. Unpublished M. Sc Thesis, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany, 75.‏
  35.  Pimental, D. (2007). Area-wide pest management: Environmental, Economic, and Food. Issues, Pp: 35-47.
  36.  Power, E.  (2004). The determinants of healthy eating among low-incomeanadians scoping paper. Prepared for: The Office of Nutrition.
  37.  Saadi, H. and Vahdat Moaddab, H.  (2014). Assessment of female-headed household’s food security and the affecting factors; Case Study: Women in Razan City. Journal Women in Development and Politics, 11 (3): 411-426. (Persian)
  38.  Safarpour, M., Dorosty Motlagh, A., Hosseini, S. M., Ranjbar Noshari, F., Safarpour, M., Daneshi Maskooni, M., Azizi, S. & Kashani, A. (2011). Prevalence and outcomes of food insecurity and its relationship with some socioeconomic factors. Journal of Knowledge and Health, 8 (4): 193-198. (Persian)
  39.  Sampson, R., Raudenbush, S. & Earls, F. (1997). Neighborhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science, 277: 918–924.
  40.  Savari, M., ShabanAli Fami, H. and Ameri, J. (2015). Food security and the factors affecting it in the rural community of Dianah Valley. Journal of Rural Research, 5 (2): 311-332. (Persian)
  41.  Shaikh, F. M. (2007). Determinants of household food security and consumption pattern in rural Sindh: an application of non-separable agricultural household model. In the103rd EAAE Seminar ‘Adding Value to the Agro-Food Supply Chain in the Future Euromediterranean Space’. Barcelona, Spain.‏
  42.  Sharafkhani, R., Dastgiri, S., Gharaaghaji Asl, R. and Ghavamzadeh, S. (2011). Prevalence of the household food insecurity and its influencing factors: a cross-sectional study (Khoy City-Qaresoo-2009). Journal Urmia Univ Med Sci., 22 (2):123-128. (Persian)
  43.  Smith, L. C., El Obeid, A. E. & Jensen, H. H. (2000). The geography and causes of food insecurity in developing countries. Agricultural Economics, 22(2): 199-215.‏
  44.  Sseguya, H.  (2009). Impact of social capital on food security in southeast Uganda. PhD Thesis, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.
  45.  Statistical Center of Iran (2013). Cost information and the income of rural households and Urban Iran in 2010. (Persian) http://sanameh.Sci.org.ir/Alluser/Directory/TreeComplete.aspx.
  46.  Winne, M. (2008). Closing the food gap: Resetting the table in the land of plenty. Beacon Press.‏
  47.  Woolcock, M. (2001).The place of social capital in understanding social and economic outcomes.Canadian Journal of Policy Research (Isuma), 2(1): 1-11.