تحلیل چرایی توسعه‌نیافتگی گردشگری فرهنگی در مناطق روستایی استان لرستان با استفاده از رویکرد نظریه بنیانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، لرستان، ایران.

چکیده

مطالعه حاضر، با هدف بررسی اکتشافی تحلیل چرایی توسعه‌نیافتگی گردشگری فرهنگی در مناطق روستایی استان لرستان، از لحاظ پارادایم، جزو تحقیقات کیفی بود و تحلیل داده‌های پژوهش بر مبنای نظریه بنیانی انجام شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل کارشناسان سازمان‌های مرتبط با گردشگری در استان لرستان بود و نمونه‌گیری به‌صورت هدفمند انجام گرفت و تا رسیدن به مرحله اشباع نظری ادامه یافت. داده‌های مورد نیاز از راه مصاحبه‌های عمیق، متمرکز و نیمه‌ساختاریافته گردآوری شد. نتایج به‌دست‏آمده به استخراج مدل چرایی توسعه‌نیافتگی گردشگری فرهنگی در روستاهای استان لرستان در قالب چارچوب اشتراوس و کوربین و همچنین، شناسایی هسته محوری توسعه‌نیافتگی انجامید و نشان داد که چرایی توسعه‌نیافتگی گردشگری فرهنگی را باید در درک نامناسب و پذیرش پایین جامعه میزبان، بستر نامناسب خلاقیت و کارآفرینی در روستاها، فقدان آموزش مناسب برای توسعه گردشگری، فقدان زیرساخت‌های ارتباطی و رفاهی، مدیریت ضعیف و راهبرد ناکارآ، افت جاذبه‌های مناطق گردشگری و چالش‌های نهادی و قانونی جست‏وجو کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the Causes of Cultural Tourism Underdevelopment in Rural Areas of Lorestan Province in Iran Using Grounded Theory Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Y. Mohammadi 1
  • Z. Asadpourian 2
  • M. Rahimian 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
2 PhD Student in Agricultural Development, Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to explore the underlying causes of cultural tourism underdevelopment in rural areas of Lorestan province of Iran. It would be categorized as a qualitative research, using grounded theory to analyze data. The statistical population included experts from tourism related organizations of the province. A number of 20 experts were selected in a purposeful sampling method to reach theoretical saturation stage and the required data were collected through in-depth and semi-structured interviews. The study results led to the extraction of the model of cultural tourism underdevelopment based on Strauss and Corbin framework and showed that the reasons of cultural tourism underdevelopment should be sought in the inadequate understanding and low acceptance of the host community, inappropriate context of rural creativity and entrepreneurship, lack of proper education for tourism development, lack of communication and welfare infrastructure, poor management and inefficient strategy, declining tourist attractions, and institutional and legal challenges.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cultural Tourism
  • Rural development
  • Grounded Theory
  • Qualitative Analysis
  • Lorestan
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