تبیین اثرات توسعه گردشگری روستایی بر ظرفیت تحمل جامعه محلی: مطالعه موردی روستای کندلوس، شهرستان نوشهر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی گروه مدیریت دولتی و گردشگری، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری گردشگری، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

برنامه‌ریزی برای توسعه پایدار گردشگری در روستاها، در پی افزایش حضور گردشگران در این مناطق، امری ضروری است. در این راستا، تحقیق حاضر با هدف برآورد ظرفیت تحمل جامعه محلی نسبت به توسعه گردشگری روستایی انجام شد. روش تحلیل داده‌ها توصیفی- تحلیلی و جامعه آماری تحقیق شامل متخصصان مرتبط با موضوع تحقیق و اهالی روستای کندلوس (جامعه محلی) بود. روش تعیین ظرفیت تحمل جامعه محلی برگرفته از نظام ارزیابی زیست‌محیطی باتل مورد استفاده در ارزیابی اثرات زیست‌محیطی و حدود تغییرات قابل قبول بود. همچنین، به‌منظور نشان دادن سطح پایداری مقصد گردشگری، از دو نقشه بارومتر پایداری گردشگری (BTS) و آموئبای شاخص‌های پایداری گردشگری (ATSI) استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که بر اساس طبقه‌بندی بارومتر پایداری پرسکات- آلن، و با توجه به پارامتر حاصل‌شده (609/0)، ظرفیت تحمل جامعه محلی با قرارگیری در طبقه 80/0-61/0 از وضعیت نسبتاً پایدار برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining the Effects of Rural Tourism Development on Carrying Capacity of Local Community: A Case Study of Kandolus Village, Nowshahr County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • V. Nemati 1
  • S. Ferdowsi 2
1 Instructor, Department of Public Management and Tourism, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili (UMA), Ardabil, Iran.
2 PhD Student in Tourism, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Planning for sustainable tourism development in the villages, following the increase in tourists in rural areas, is necessary. In this regard, this study aimed at estimating the carrying capacity of the local community towards the development of rural tourism. The data analysis was conducted in a descriptive-analytical method. The statistical population included experts related to the subject of research and residents (local community) of Kandolus Village of Nowshahr County in Iran. Method of determining the carrying capacity of the local community was adapted from the Battelle environmental evaluation system frequently used for environmental impact assessment and the limits of acceptable change. Two maps including Barometer of Tourism Sustainability (BTS) and AMOEBA of Tourism Sustainability Indicators (ATSI) were also used to show the level of sustainability of the tourism destination. The study results showed that based on the classification of sustainability barometer of Prescott-Allen and according to the obtained parameter (0.609), the carrying capacity of the local community was relatively stable within the range of 0.61-0.80 category.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Carrying Capacity
  • sustainability
  • Rural Tourism
  • Local community
  • Kandolus
  • Nowshahr
  1. Adeli, S. (2012). A survey of the attitude of the host community towards tourism and its consequences in a historical living context. Journal of Fine Arts, Architecture and Urbanism, 4: 81-94. (Persian)
  2. Ahmadi, A., Ajili, A., Forouzani, M. and Yazdanpanah, M. (2017). Factors affecting satisfaction and support of tourism in rural areas (case study: Masjedsoleiman, Andika and Lali counties). Journal of Social Studies tTurism, 3(2): 61-68. (Persian)
  3. Aligholizadeh Firouzjaei, N., Ramezanzad Lesbouei, M. and Esmaeili, M. (2014). Assessment of attitude of the host community to the development of tourism in rural areas of desert regions: a case study of rural areas of Khour and Biabanak. Journal of Geographical Studies of Arid Regions, 18: 37-53. (Persian)
  4. Anabestani, A., Mozafari, Z. and Peyvand, A. (2019). Attitude of the local community towards urban peripheral adjacent tourism sites case: Baghrood in Neyshabur. Journal of Urban Peripheral Development, 1(2): 121-136. (Persian)
  5. Andereck, K.L. and Vogt, C. A. (2000). The relationship between residents’ attitudes toward tourism and tourism development options. Journal of Travel Research, 39(1): 27-36.
  6. Beeton, S. (2006). Community development through tourism: Landlinks Press.
  7. Bhattacharya, A.K. and Suchitra, B. (2003). Relevance of carrying capacity and eco-development linkages for sustainable ecotourism. Indian Forester, 129(3): 332-340.
  8. Blank, U. (1989). The community tourism industry imperative: the necessity, the opportunities, its potential. Venture Pub., State College.
  9. Blešić, I., Pivac, T., Besermenji, S., Ivkov-Džigurski, A. and Košić, K. (2014). Residents’ attitudes and perception towards tourism development: a case study of rural tourism in Dragacevo, Serbia. Eastern European Countryside, 20(1): 151-165.
  10. Cooke, K. (1982). Guidelines for socially appropriate tourism development in British Columbia. Journal of Travel Research, 21(1): 22-28.
  11. Ferdowsi, S. (2018). Estimating the coastal tourism carying capacity for sustainable tourism development: a case study of Bandar Gaz. MA Thesis, University of Tehran, Tehran. (Persian)
  12. García, F.A., Vázquez, A.B. and Macías, R.C. (2015). Resident's attitudes towards the impacts of tourism. Tourism Management Perspectives, 13: 33-40.
  13. Garfield, J., Le, L., Zieffler, A. and Ben-Zvi, D. (2015). Developing students’ reasoning about samples and sampling variability as a path to expert statistical thinking. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 88(3): 327-342.
  14. Ghadami, M., Rezaei, N. and Sanaei, M (2011). Investigating coastal tourism carying capacity in the framework of social and security dimensions. Journal of Mazandaran Law Enforcement, 5: 9-30. (Persian)
  15. Gursoy, D., Jurowski, C. and Uysal, M. (2002). Resident attitudes: a structural modeling approach. Annals of Tourism Research, 29(1): 79-105. Hernandez, S.A., Cohen, J. and Garcia, H.L. (1996). Residents' attitudes towards an instant resort enclave. Annals of Tourism Research, 23(4): 755-779.
  16. Kim, K. (2002). The effects of tourism impacts upon quality of life of residents in the community. Virginia Tech.
  17. Lankford, S.V. and Howard, D.R. (1994). Developing a tourism impact attitude scale. Annals of Tourism Research, 21(1): 121-139.
  18. Lepp, A. (2007). Residents’ attitudes towards tourism in Bigodi village, Uganda. Tourism Management, 28(3): 876-885.
  19. Martin, B.S. and Uysal, M. (1990). An examination of the relationship between carrying capacity and the tourism lifecycle: management and policy implications. Journal of Environmental Management, 31(4): 327-333.
  20. McGehee, N.G. and Andereck, K.L. (2004). Factors predicting rural residents’ support of tourism. Journal of Travel Research, 43(2): 131-140.
  21. Monterrubio, C., Osorio, M. and Benítez, J. (2018). Comparing enclave tourism's socioeconomic impacts: a dependency theory approach to three state-planned resorts in Mexico. Journal of Destination Marketing and Management, 8: 412-422.
  22. O'Reilly, A. M. (1986). Tourism carrying capacity: concept and issues. Tourism Management, 7(4): 254-258.
  23. Pourashouri, S.Z. (2001). Optimal solutions for environmental development in coastal tourism. Tehran: Publication of Environmental Protection Agency. (Persian)
  24. Prescott-Allen, R. (1997). Barometer of Sustainability: measuring and communicating wellbeing and sustainable development. IUCN, Gland, CH.
  25. Rahnamaei, M.T., Farhoudi, R., Dittmanm, A. and Ghadami, M. (2008). Investigating tolerance capacity of the tourist destination region with emphasis on the host community: a case study in the Kalardasht County. Journal of Human Geography Research, 66: 17-33. (Persian)
  26. Sankar, T.C. (2003). Carrying capacity of protected areas with respect to tourism activities: case studies from Bandhavgarh and Pench National Parks. MRM Dissertation, Indian Institute of Forest Management, India.
  27. SCI (2016). Population and housing census. Tehran: Statistical Center of Iran (SCI). Available at https://www.amar.org.ir/english. Retrieved at 18 September, 2018. (Persian)
  28. Seifodini, F., Shabanifard, M., Hosseini, A. and Rashidi, M. (2010). Measuring the quality and capacity of urban tourism based on the behavioral pattern of tourists and the host community: a case study of Isfahan County. Journal of Human Geography Research, 71: 67-87. (Persian)
  29. Sroypetch, S. (2016). The mutual gaze: host and guest perceptions of socio-cultural impacts of backpacker tourism: a case study of the Yasawa Islands, Fiji. Journal of Marine and Island Cultures, 5(2): 133-144.
  30. Wight, P. (1993). Ecotourism: ethics or eco-sell? Journal of Travel Research, 31(3): 3-9.
  31. Ziaee, M. and Torabian, P. (2010). Measuring the acceptable level of social impact of tourists on local communities in Iran: study of rural settlements in the Parishan wetland. Journal of Geography, 27: 205-225. (Persian)