بررسی نقش منطقة آزاد تجاری در بهبود شاخص‌های اقتصادی مناطق روستایی: مطالعة موردی شهرستان ماکو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش کاربردی حاضر، با هدف بررسی نقش منطقه آزاد تجاری در بهبود شاخص‏های اقتصادی مناطق روستایی شهرستان ماکو، به روش توصیفی- تحلیلی انجام شد. گردآوری داده‌ها به دو روش اسنادی و پیمایشی (از طریق پرسشنامه) صورت گرفت. روایی صوری پرسشنامه توسط پانل متخصصان تأیید شد. مطالعه راهنما در منطقه مشابه جامعه آماری با تعداد سی پرسشنامه صورت گرفت و با استفاده از رابطة آلفای کرونباخ، پایایی بخش‌های مختلف پرسشنامه 85/0 تا 91/0 به‏دست آمد. همچنین، با استفاده از رابطة کوکران، حجم نمونه تحقیق چهارصد نفر به‌دست ‌آمد. برای انجام پژوهش به شیوه مقایسه­ای، دویست پرسشنامه بین روستاهای واقع در منطقه آزاد ماکو و دویست پرسشنامه نیز در محدوده روستاهای دور از این منطقه توزیع شد. نتایج تحلیل فضایی روستاهای مورد مطالعه نشان داد که نقش منطقه آزاد تجاری در تقویت شاخص­های اقتصادی در 25 درصد روستاها در سطح قوی و در 41 درصد روستاها در سطح متوسط و در بقیه روستاها در سطح ضعیف است. در پایان، با توجه به تحلیل نتایج، پیشنهادهایی کاربردی ارائه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Survey on Role of Free Trade Zones in Improving the Economic Indexes of Rural Areas: A Case Study of Makou County of Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • V. Heidari Sarban
Associate Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at investigating the role of free trade zones in improvement of economic indexes in rural areas of Makou County in Iran. It was an analytical-explanative survey. Sample size was determined based on the Cochran’s formula and the required data were collected through questionnaires.  Content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by professors and experts and its reliability was determined based on Cronbach's alpha (0.85-0.91). The studied population consisted of all the rural people up 15 years old residing in rural areas of free trade zone in Makou County (N= 4689), among whom 400 persons were selected as thr statistical sample. Thus, 200 questionnaires were distributed among the villages situated at Makou free zone and 200 questionnaires were distributed among the villages far from Makou free trade zone in the comparative method. The results of statistical tests showed that there was a statistically significant positive relationship between all the studied variables and the improvement of economic indexes in the rural areas. Also, the results of spatial analysis showed that the role of free trade zone in the reinforcement of economic indexes among 25 percent of the villages was at a high level, 41 percent at a medium level and others at a weak level. Finally, according to the study results, a number of recommendations were presented.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • economic indexes
  • Rural Development
  • Economic Development
  • Free Trade Zone
  • Rural Areas
  • Makou (County)
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