مدل‌سازی توسعة کارآفرینی روستایی مبتنی بر ظرفیت‌های محلی: مطالعة موردی سکونتگاه‌های روستایی شهرستان بناب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی روستایی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ظرفیت­های محلی و مدل­سازی کارآفرینی روستایی مبتنی بر این ظرفیت­ها در سطح روستاهای شهرستان بناب صورت گرفت. پژوهش از نوع توصیفی- تحلیلی بود و برای گردآوری داده‌ها از مطالعات اسنادی و میدانی در قالب پرسشنامه استفاده شد. جامعه آماری پژوهش 12369 خانوار روستایی ساکن روستاهای شهرستان بناب بودند. با استفاده از رابطة کوکران، 372 خانوار به عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شدند. تحلیل اطلاعات با استفاده از آزمون­های آمار استنباطی و مدل­های تصمیم­گیری چندشاخصه صورت پذیرفت. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که متغیرهای نهادی- ساختاری، اقتصادی، اجتماعی و محیطی به‏ترتیب اولویت دارای بیشترین اثرگذاری بر مدل­سازی توسعه کارآفرینی روستایی بودند. نتایج مدل­های تصمیم­گیری چندشاخصه نیز نشان داد که روستاهایی مانند آخوند قشلاق و زاوشت که از روستاهای پرجمعیت و نزدیک به مرکز شهر هستند، از ظرفیت­های محلی بیشتری برای توسعه کارآفرینی برخوردارند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Modeling the Development of Rural Entrepreneurship Based on Local Capacities: A Case Study of Rural Settlements in Bonab County of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • H. Karimzadeh 1
  • A. Majnouni Toutakhaneh 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 PhD Student in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at investigating the rural entrepreneurship capacities in the villages of Bonab County of Iran. It was a descriptive-analytic research using documents and field studies to collect data through a questionnaire. The statistical population of the study included 12369 rural households living in villages of Bonab. Using the Cochran formula and random sampling, 372 households were selected as the sample. Data analysis was performed using inferential statistics and multi-attribute decision-making models. The study results showed that institutional-structural variables with an effect of 0.849, economic 0.833, social 0.813 and environmental 0.805, respectively, had priorities on the rural entrepreneurship development. The results from the use of TOPSIS, VIKOR, ANP and Copland models showed that villages such as Akhond Gheshlagh and Zavosht, densely populated and close to city center, had more local capacities for entrepreneurship development. Finally, according to the research findings, a number of practical recommendations were presented.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rural Entrepreneurship
  • Local Capacity
  • Modeling
  • rural settlements
  • Bonab (County)
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