ارزیابی شاخص‌های توسعة پایدار روستایی در استان بوشهر: مطالعة موردی شهرستان تنگستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‏ریزی روستایی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و برنامه‏ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به ارزیابی و تحلیل شاخص‌های توسعه پایدار روستایی در مناطق روستایی شهرستان تنگستان پرداخته، بر اساس هدف، از نوع کاربردی و به لحاظ روش، توصیفی- تحلیلی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش دربرگیرندة ۹۲ روستا با ۱۵۴۷۶ خانوار بود. در پژوهش حاضر، با بهره‌گیری از منابع، ۹۸ معرف در قالب یازده شاخص و سهم هر کدام در توسعه در نظر گرفته شد. در این راستا، برای سنجش پایداری شاخص‌ها، از روش استانداردسازی خطی و تقسیم‌بندی پرسکات آلن و برای محاسبه درجه توسعه‌یافتگی، از روش Z-SCORE و همچنین، برای اولویت‌بندی شاخص‌ها، از روش محاسبه درجه بحرانی استفاده شد. بر اساس نتایج پژوهش، هجده درصد از شاخص‌های بررسی‌شده در وضعیت پایدار و ۸۲ درصد در وضعیت ناپایدار و بد قرار داشتند. بر اساس یافته‌ها، در زمینه برنامه‌ریزی و سرمایه‌گذاری‌های هدفمند در سطح شهرستان تنگستان، دهستان‌های باغک، اهرم، دلوار و بوالخیر به‏ترتیب اولویت‌های اول تا چهارم را به خود اختصاص دادند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Indicators of Rural Sustainable Development in Bushehr Province of Iran: A Case Study of Tangestan County

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholam-Reza AMININEJAD 1
  • Yaser Zendehboudi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
2 MSc. Graduate in Geography and Urban Planning, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study aimed at assessing and analyzing the indicators of sustainable rural development in rural areas of Tangestan County in Bushehr province of Iran. It was an applied study in terms of purpose and a descriptive-analytical study in terms of method. The statistical population included 92 villages with 15476 households. By using the literature, 98 indicators within 11 indexes and the share of each in the development were considered. In this regard, to measure the sustainability of indexes, the linear Standardization and Prescott Allen division methods were used. In addition, Z-SCORE method was used for calculating the degree of development as well as the critical degree calculation method was used for prioritizing the indexes. Based on the study results, 18 percent of the studied indexes were considered as sustainable and 82 percent as unsustainable. Based on the study findings, Baghak, Ahram, Delvar and Bolkhair sub-districts were respectively placed in the first to fourth priorities in planning and making targeted investments in the Tangestan County.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Assessment
  • sustainable development
  • Prescott Allen Division
  • Critical Degree
  • Tangestan (County)
  • Bushehr (Province)
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